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3. Foundations: Freud
 
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Introduction to Psychology (PSYC 110) This lecture introduces students to the theories of Sigmund Freud, including a brief biographical description and his contributions to the field of psychology. The limitations of his theories of psychoanalysis are covered in detail, as well as the ways in which his conception of the unconscious mind still operate in mainstream psychology today. 00:00 - Chapter 1. Sigmund Freud in a Historical Context 06:51 - Chapter 2. Unconscious Motivation: The Id, Ego and Superego 13:45 - Chapter 3. Personality Development and Psychosexual Development 20:32 - Chapter 4. Defense Mechanisms, the Aims of Psychoanalysis, Dreams 29:11 - Chapter 5. Question and Answer on Freud's Theories 32:55 - Chapter 6. Controversies and Criticisms on Freud's Theories 42:10 - Chapter 7. Examples of the Unconscious in Modern Psychology 51:55 - Chapter 8. Further Question and Answer on Freud Complete course materials are available at the Yale Online website: online.yale.edu This course was recorded in Spring 2007.
Views: 571362 YaleCourses
01. Course Introduction: Rome's Greatness and First Crises
 
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The Early Middle Ages, 284--1000 (HIST 210) Professor Freedman introduces the major themes of the course: the crisis of the Roman Empire, the rise of Christianity, the threats from barbarian invasions, and the continuity of the Byzantine Empire. At the beginning of the period covered in this course, the Roman Empire was centered politically, logistically, and culturally on the Mediterranean Sea. Remarkable for its size and longevity, the Empire was further marked by its tolerance. Although it contained an eclectic mix of peoples, the Empire was unified in part by a local elite with a shared language and customs. In the third century these strengths were increasingly threatened by the Empire's sheer size, its imbalances, both East-West and urban-rural, and by an army that realizes it could make and unmake emperors. Having set the scene, Professor Freedman looks to subsequent lectures where he will discuss reforms enacted to address these weaknesses. 00:00 - Chapter 1. Welcome 09:54 - Chapter 2. Introduction to the Themes of the Course 18:48 - Chapter 3. The Roman Empire before the Crisis of the Third Century 34:09 - Chapter 4. Flaws of the Roman Empire Complete course materials are available at the Yale Online website: online.yale.edu This course was recorded in Fall 2011.
Views: 536995 YaleCourses
1. Introduction
 
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Dante in Translation (ITAL 310) Professor Mazzotta introduces students to the general scheme and scope of the Divine Comedy and to the life of its author. Various genres to which the poem belongs (romance, epic, vision) are indicated, and special attention is given to its place within the encyclopedic tradition. The poem is then situated historically through an overview of Dante's early poetic and political careers and the circumstances that led to his exile. Professor Mazzotta concludes by discussing the central role Dante's exile was to play in his poetic project. 00:00 - Chapter 1. Introduction: A Circle of Knowledge 07:28 - Chapter 2. Dante in a Historical Context 17:16 - Chapter 3. General Housekeeping Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/courses This course was recorded in Fall 2008
Views: 122892 YaleCourses
02. The Crisis of the Third Century and the Diocletianic Reforms
 
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The Early Middle Ages, 284--1000 (HIST 210) Professor Freedman outlines the problems facing the Roman Empire in the third century. The Persian Sassanid dynasty in the East and various Germanic tribes in the West threatened the Empire as never before. Internally, the Empire struggled with the problem of succession, an economy wracked by inflation, and the decline of the local elite which had once held it together. Having considered these issues, Professor Freedman then moves on to the reforms enacted under Diocletian to stabilize the Empire. He attempted to solve the problem of succession by setting up a system of joint rule called the Tetrarchy, to stabilize the economy through tax reform, and to protect the frontiers through militarization. Although many of his policies failed--some within his lifetime--Diocletian nevertheless saved the Roman Empire from collapse. 00:00 - Chapter 1. Introduction and Logistics 01:35 - Chapter 2. Third Century Crisis and Barbarian Invasions 10:10 - Chapter 3. The Problem of Succession 17:36 - Chapter 4. The Problem of Inflation 22:48 - Chapter 5. The Ruin of The Local Elite 26:08 - Chapter 6. Diocletian and his Reforms Complete course materials are available at the Yale Online website: online.yale.edu This course was recorded in Fall 2011.
Views: 286558 YaleCourses
1. Introduction
 
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Listening to Music (MUSI 112) Professor Wright introduces the course by suggesting that "listening to music" is not simply a passive activity one can use to relax, but rather, an active and rewarding process. He argues that by learning about the basic elements of Western classical music, such as rhythm, melody, and form, one learns strategies that can be used to understand many different kinds of music in a more thorough and precise way -- and further, one begins to understand the magnitude of human greatness. Professor Wright draws the music examples in this lecture from recordings of techno music, American musical theater, and works by Mozart, Beethoven, Debussy and Strauss, in order to introduce the issues that the course will explore in more depth throughout the semester. 00:00 - Chapter 1. Introduction to Listening to Music 03:23 - Chapter 2. Why Listen to Classical Music? 12:14 - Chapter 3. Course Requirements and Pedagogy 21:11 - Chapter 4. Diagnostic Quiz 33:56 - Chapter 5. Pitch 42:04 - Chapter 6. Rhythm Complete course materials are available at the Yale Online website: online.yale.edu This course was recorded in Fall 2008.
Views: 609511 YaleCourses
14. What matters (cont.); The nature of death, Part I
 
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Death (PHIL 176) The suggestion is made that what matters in survival is the future existence of someone with a personality similar to one's own. Professor Kagan then turns to the question, "what is it to die?". In answering this question, attention is first drawn to the bodily and mental functions that are crucial in defining the moment of death. 00:00 - Chapter 1. Introduction: A Case for the Same Evolving Personality 10:48 - Chapter 2. What is it Like to Die? A Breakdown of Functions from a Physicalist's View 19:24 - Chapter 3. Identifying the Moment of Death for the Body 30:26 - Chapter 4. When Does Personality Begin or Cease to Exist? 40:09 - Chapter 5. What Has the Right to Live -- Me or My Body? Complete course materials are available at the Yale Online website: online.yale.edu This course was recorded in Spring 2007.
Views: 44180 YaleCourses
Contract Law 1 Intro Hamer v Sidway (just say no)
 
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Introduction to Contracts Hammer v. Sidway (just say no). To access case file, copy and paste link into browser - ianayres.com/sites/default/files/files/Hamer%20v_%20Sidwell.docx These video lectures are taken from Prof. Ayres’ Coursera Courses: American Contract Law I & II. All lectures plus assessments, animations, and discussion forums will me made available on Coursera.org fall 2017!
Views: 22816 YaleCourses
22. Vikings / The European Prospect, 1000
 
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The Early Middle Ages, 284--1000 (HIST 210) In the first part of this lecture, Professor Freedman discusses the emergence of the Vikings from Scandinavia in the ninth and tenth centuries. The Vikings were highly adaptive, raiding (the Carolingian Empire), trading (Byzantium and the Caliphate) or settling (Greenland and Iceland) depending on local conditions. Through their wide-ranging travels, the Vikings created networks bringing into contact parts of the world that were previously either not connected or minimally so. Professor Freedman concludes the lecture, and the course, by considering what's been accomplished between 284 and 1000. Although Europe in the year 1000 experienced many of the same problems as did the Roman Empire 284 where we began -- population decline and lack of urbanization, among others -- the end of the early Middle Ages also arguable heralds the emergence of Europe and Christendom as cultural constructs and sets the stage for the rise of the West. 00:00 - Chapter 1. Introduction 13:52 - Chapter 2. The Vikings in England and on the Continent 21:05 - Chapter 3. The Vikings in the East 29:20 - Chapter 4. The Vikings in the West 37:09 - Chapter 5. Conclusion: What's been accomplished? Complete course materials are available at the Yale Online website: online.yale.edu This course was recorded in Fall 2011.
Views: 118286 YaleCourses
10. New Modes and Orders: Machiavelli's The Prince (chaps. 1-12)
 
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Introduction to Political Philosophy (PLSC 114) The lecture begins with an introduction of Machiavelli's life and the political scene in Renaissance Florence. Professor Smith asserts that Machiavelli can be credited as the founder of the modern state, having reconfigured elements from both the Christian empire and the Roman republic, creating therefore a new form of political organization that is distinctly his own. Machiavelli's state has universalist ambitions, just like its predecessors, but it has been liberated from Christian and classical conceptions of virtue. The management of affairs is left to the princes, a new kind of political leaders, endowed with ambition, love of glory, and even elements of prophetic authority. 00:00 - Chapter 1. Introduction: Video of "The Third Man" 02:20 - Chapter 2. Introduction: Who Was Machiavelli? 15:33 - Chapter 3. "The Prince": Title and Dedication of the Book 21:52 - Chapter 4. The Distinction between Armed and Unarmed Prophets 26:10 - Chapter 5. Good and Evil, Virtue and Vice Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/courses This course was recorded in Fall 2006.
Views: 109990 YaleCourses
2. Foundations: This Is Your Brain
 
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Introduction to Psychology (PSYC 110) This lecture introduces students to two broad theories of how the mind relates to the body. Dualism is the ubiquitous and intuitive feeling that our conscious mind is separate from our physical bodies, whereas Materialism is the idea that all of our mental states are caused by physical states of the brain. This lecture reviews arguments explaining why materialism has become the predominant theory of mind in psychology. This discussion is followed by a basic overview of the neurophysiology of the brain. 00:00 - Chapter 1. The Brain, the Mind and Dualism 12:06 - Chapter 2. Scientific Consensus Against Dualism 19:28 - Chapter 3. The Neuron: The Basic Building Blocks of Thought 32:58 - Chapter 4. The Different Parts of the Brain 44:47 - Chapter 5. Mechanist Conception and the Hard Problem of Consciousness Complete course materials are available at the Yale Online website: online.yale.edu This course was recorded in Spring 2007.
Views: 576030 YaleCourses
1. Introduction
 
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Introduction to Psychology (PSYC 110) Professor Paul Bloom welcomes students and presents the course as a comprehensive introduction to the study of the human mind. Course readings and requirements are discussed. The five main branches of psychology are presented: neuroscience, which is a study of the mind by looking at the brain; developmental, which focuses on how people grow and learn; cognitive, which refers to the computational approach to studying the mind; social, which studies how people interact; and clinical, which examines mental health and mental illnesses. 00:00 - Chapter 1. Introduction to and Requirements for the Course 10:03 - Chapter 2. General Goals for the Course 13:07 - Chapter 3. Examples of Materials Covered in the Course Complete course materials are available at the Yale Online website: online.yale.edu This course was recorded in Spring 2007.
Views: 959155 YaleCourses
18. Cormac McCarthy, Blood Meridian (cont.)
 
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The American Novel Since 1945 (ENGL 291) In this second lecture on Blood Meridian, Professor Hungerford builds a wide-ranging argument about the status of good and evil in the novel from a small detail, the Bible the protagonist carries with him in spite of his illiteracy. This detail is one of many in the text that continually lure us to see the kid in the light of a traditional hero, superior to his surroundings, developing his responses in a familiar narrative structure of growth. McCarthy's real talent, and his real challenge, Hungerford argues, is in fact to have invoked the moral weight of his sources--biblical, literary, and historical--while emptying them of moral content. Much as the kid holds the Bible an object and not a spiritual guide, McCarthy seizes the material of language--its sound, its cadences--for ambiguous, if ambitious, ends. 00:00 - Chapter 1. Structural Allusions: McCarthy's Formulation of the Hero 15:08 - Chapter 2. Maturation without Morality: Revising the Bildungsroman 24:50 - Chapter 3. Asserting Immortality: McCarthy's Literary Ambitions 33:12 - Chapter 4. The Bible of the Illiterate Kid: Literary Artifacts and Empty Scripture Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/courses This course was recorded in Spring 2008.
Views: 82640 YaleCourses
1. Introduction: five first lessons
 
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Game Theory (ECON 159) We introduce Game Theory by playing a game. We organize the game into players, their strategies, and their goals or payoffs; and we learn that we should decide what our goals are before we make choices. With some plausible payoffs, our game is a prisoners' dilemma. We learn that we should never choose a dominated strategy; but that rational play by rational players can lead to bad outcomes. We discuss some prisoners' dilemmas in the real world and some possible real-world remedies. With other plausible payoffs, our game is a coordination problem and has very different outcomes: so different payoffs matter. We often need to think, not only about our own payoffs, but also others' payoffs. We should put ourselves in others' shoes and try to predict what they will do. This is the essence of strategic thinking. 00:00 - Chapter 1. What Is Strategy? 02:16 - Chapter 2. Strategy: Where Does It Apply? 02:54 - Chapter 3. (Administrative Issues) 09:40 - Chapter 4. Elements of a Game: Strategies, Actions, Outcomes and Payoffs 21:38 - Chapter 5. Strictly Dominant versus Strictly Dominated Strategies 29:33 - Chapter 6. Contracts and Collusion 33:35 - Chapter 7. The Failure of Collusion and Inefficient Outcomes: Prisoner's Dilemma 41:40 - Chapter 8. Coordination Problems 01:07:53 - Chapter 9. Lesson Recap Complete course materials are available at the Yale Online website: online.yale.edu This course was recorded in Fall 2007.
Views: 684113 YaleCourses
1. Introduction: Why Study the New Testament?
 
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Introduction to New Testament (RLST 152) This course approaches the New Testament not as scripture, or a piece of authoritative holy writing, but as a collection of historical documents. Therefore, students are urged to leave behind their pre-conceived notions of the New Testament and read it as if they had never heard of it before. This involves understanding the historical context of the New Testament and imagining how it might appear to an ancient person. 00:00 - Chapter 1. Why Take This Course? 13:23 - Chapter 2. The Bible As A Historical Text 24:17 - Chapter 3. Imagining An Ancient's Perspective 30:45 - Chapter 4. Q&A 35:08 - Chapter 5. Going over the Syllabus Complete course materials are available at the Yale Online website: online.yale.edu This course was recorded in Spring 2009.
Views: 326630 YaleCourses
17. The Peloponnesian War, Part I
 
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Introduction to Ancient Greek History (CLCV 205) In this lecture, Professor Kagan describes the events that lead up the Peloponnesian War. He argues that the rise of Athenian power and the concomitant challenge to Spartan dominance pointed to potential conflict. However, Professor Kagan also points out that there were many people who did not want war and that therefore war was not inevitable. The Thirty Years Peace was negotiated, and Professor Kagan finally argues that its clause for arbitration was the key clause that could have prevented war. 00:00 - Chapter 1. The Importance of the Peloponnesian War and Its Continuing Value 09:25 - Chapter 2. The Origins of the War 23:37 - Chapter 3. Athens Faces a Critical Decision 30:31 - Chapter 4. Multiple Battles 45:16 - Chapter 5. Reversal of Fortune 56:17 - Chapter 6. The Four Months Truce and Subsequent Thirty Years Peace Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/courses This course was recorded in Fall 2007.
Views: 157729 YaleCourses
The Science of Well-Being - Dr. Laurie Santos' New Online Course
 
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This course is a modified version of Dr. Santos' record-breaking psychology class taught at Yale. Learn what psychological science says about living the good life and, more importantly, how to put that knowledge into practice. Enroll in the course today: https://www.coursera.org/learn/the-science-of-well-being?utm_source=YALE&utm_medium=institutions&utm_campaign=201802-YouTube-SWB
Views: 75003 YaleCourses
1. The Nature of Evolution: Selection, Inheritance, and History
 
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Principles of Evolution, Ecology and Behavior (EEB 122) The lecture presents an overview of evolutionary biology and its two major components, microevolution and macroevolution. The idea of evolution goes back before Darwin, although Darwin thought of natural selection. Evolution is driven by natural selection, the correlation between organism traits and reproductive success, as well as random drift. The history of life goes back approximately 3.7 billion years to a common ancestor, and is marked with key events that affect all life. 00:00 - Chapter 1. Introduction 03:22 - Chapter 2. History of Evolutionary Studies 15:59 - Chapter 3. Conditions for Natural Selection 21:25 - Chapter 4. The Power of Selection and Adaptation 27:09 - Chapter 5. Drift 31:10 - Chapter 6. History of Life 39:33 - Chapter 7. Conclusion Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/courses This course was recorded in Spring 2009.
Views: 159303 YaleCourses
Lecture 4. Doublets and Contradictions, Seams and Sources
 
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Introduction to the Old Testament (Hebrew Bible) (RLST 145) with Christine Hayes This lecture continues the discussion on Genesis, including the familiar accounts of Cain and Abel, the Flood and Noahide covenant. The story of Cain and Abel expresses the notion of the God-endowed sanctity of human life and a "universal moral law" governing the world. Examination of the contradictions and doublets in the flood story leads to a discussion of the complex composition and authorship of the Pentateuch. These features as well as anachronisms challenge traditional religious convictions of Moses as the author of the first five books of the Bible. 00:00 - Chapter 1. The Taming of Enkidu in The "Epic of Gilgamesh" 05:44 - The Story of Enkidu as Parallel to the Second Story of Creation in Genesis 21:29 - Major Themes in the Story of Cain and Abel 24:02 - Comparing Mesopotamian, Semitic and Israelite Flood Stories 35:32 - Contradictions and Doublets in the Flood Story in Genesis 6-9 42:42 - Implications of the Repetitions and Contradictions throughout the Bible Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://oyc.yale.edu This course was recorded in Fall 2006.
Views: 114825 YaleCourses
Lecture 2. Introduction to Instruments and Musical Genres
 
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Listening to Music (MUSI 112) This lecture provides an introduction to basic classical music terminology, orchestral instruments, and acoustics. Professor Wright begins with a brief discussion of the distinctions between such broad terms as "song" and "piece," briefly mentioning more specific terms for musical genres, such as "symphony" and "opera." He then moves on to describe the differences between a "motive" and a "theme," demonstrating the distinction between the two with the use of music by Beethoven and Tchaikovsky. Following this, he calls upon three guest instrumentalists on French horn, bassoon, and viola to give a brief performance-introduction to each instrument. He concludes the session with a discussion of acoustics, focusing on the concept of partials, and then brings the lecture to a close with commentary on Richard Strauss's tone-poem, Death and Transfiguration. 00:00 - Chapter 1. Distinguishing "Songs" from "Pieces": Musical Lexicon 04:23 - Chapter 2. Genres, Motives, and Themes 16:51 - Chapter 3. Introduction to the French Horn and Partials 23:02 - Chapter 4. The Bassoon and the Viola 29:14 - Chapter 5. Mugorsky and the Basic Principles of Acoustics 40:30 - Chapter 6. Dissonance and Consonance in Strauss's Death and Transfiguration Complete course materials are available at the Yale Online website: online.yale.edu This course was recorded in Fall 2008.
Views: 243253 YaleCourses
Contract Law 6 Intro Jacob & Youngs v Kent (reading pipe)
 
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Introduction to Contracts Jacob & Youngs v. Kent (reading pipe) - To access case file, copy and paste link into browser - ianayres.com/sites/default/files/files/Jacob%20&%20Youngs%20v_%20Kent.docx These video lectures are taken from Prof. Ayres’ Coursera Courses: American Contract Law I & II. All lectures plus assessments, animations, and discussion forums will me made available on Coursera.org fall 2017!
Views: 4735 YaleCourses
2. From Stories to Canon
 
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Introduction to New Testament (RLST 152) The Christian faith is based upon a canon of texts considered to be holy scripture. How did this canon come to be? Different factors, such as competing schools of doctrine, growing consensus, and the invention of the codex, helped shape the canon of the New Testament. Reasons for inclusion in or exclusion from the canon included apostolic authority, general acceptance, and theological appropriateness for "proto-orthodox" Christianity. 00:00 - Chapter 1. Canon vs. Scripture 16:17 - Chapter 2. The Forming of Canons 27:04 - Chapter 3. The Invention of the Codex 32:50 - Chapter 4. A Slowly Developing (and Incomplete) Consensus 42:02 - Chapter 5. The Reasons for Canonical Inclusion and Exclusion Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/courses This course was recorded in Spring 2009.
Views: 157633 YaleCourses
2. The nature of persons: dualism vs. physicalism
 
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Death (PHIL 176) Professor Kagan discusses the two main positions with regard to the question, "What is a person?" On the one hand, there is the dualist view, according to which a person is a body and a soul. On the other hand, the physicalist view argues that a person is just a body. The body, however, has a certain set of abilities and is capable of a large range of activities. 00:00 - Chapter 1. "Is There Life After Death?" Asking the Right Question 13:25 - Chapter 2. Ways to Conceptualize Self-Identity 21:18 - Chapter 3. Dualists: The Body-Soul Perspective 39:00 - Chapter 4. The Physicalists: The Body Is a Body and Conclusion Complete course materials are available at the Yale Online website: online.yale.edu This course was recorded in Spring 2007.
Views: 379661 YaleCourses
17. Cormac McCarthy, Blood Meridian
 
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The American Novel Since 1945 (ENGL 291) In this first of two lectures on Blood Meridian, Professor Hungerford walks us through some of the novel's major sources and influences, showing how McCarthy engages both literary tradition and American history, and indeed questions of origins and originality itself. The Bible, Moby-Dick, Paradise Lost, the poetry of William Wordsworth, and the historical narrative of Sam Chamberlain all contribute to the style and themes of this work that remains, in its own right, a provocative meditation on history, one that explores the very limits of narrative and human potential. 00:00 - Chapter 1. The Literary Tradition: Allusions and Revisions 08:49 - Chapter 2. Eradicating Interiority: "Moby Dick" 20:50 - Chapter 3. Modeling Evil: "Paradise Lost" 30:13 - Chapter 4: Rejecting Innocence: Wordsworth 34:59 - Chapter 5. Historical Sources: Samuel Chamberlin's "My Confession" Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/courses This course was recorded in Spring 2008.
Views: 213964 YaleCourses
3. Ways In and Out of the Hermeneutic Circle
 
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Introduction to Theory of Literature (ENGL 300) In this lecture, Professor Paul Fry examines acts of reading and interpretation by way of the theory of hermeneutics. The origins of hermeneutic thought are traced through Western literature. The mechanics of hermeneutics, including the idea of a hermeneutic circle, are explored in detail with reference to the works of Hans-George Gadamer, Martin Heidegger, and E. D. Hirsch. Particular attention is paid to the emergence of concepts of "historicism" and "historicality" and their relation to hermeneutic theory. 00:00 - Chapter 1. The History of Hermeneutics 10:32 - Chapter 2. The Hermeneutic Circle 20:37 - Chapter 3. On Prejudice 23:45 - Chapter 4. Historicism and "Historicality" 27:48 - Chapter 5. Gadamer's Debt to Heidegger 33:21 - Chapter 6. Prejudice and Tradition 37:20 - Chapter 7. E. D. Hirsch Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/courses This course was recorded in Spring 2009.
Views: 186256 YaleCourses
19. The Early Middle Ages, 284--1000: Charlemagne
 
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The Early Middle Ages, 284--1000 (HIST 210) In this lecture, Professor Freedman discusses the Carolingian dynasty from its origins through its culmination in the figure of Charlemagne. The Carolingians sought to overthrow the much weakened Merovingian dynasty by establishing their political legitimacy on three bases: war leadership, Christian rule, and the legacy of Rome. Charlemagne's grandfather Charles Martel won a major victory over the Muslims in 733 at the Battle of Poitiers. Charlemagne's father Pepin the Short allied the Carolingians with the papacy at a time when the latter was looking for a new protector. Charlemagne, crowned emperor in Rome by Pope Leo III in 800, made strides in reestablishing the Roman Empire; although, being centered in northern Europe, his was not an exact imitation of the Roman Empire. Professor Freedman concludes the lecture with the observation that Charlemagne can be considered the founder of Europe as a political and cultural expression. 00:00 - Chapter 1. Introduction 07:43 - Chapter 2. The Last Years of the Merovingians 16:46 - Chapter 3. Establishing Carolingian Legitimacy 27:25 - Chapter 4. Charles Martel and Pepin the Short 34:54 - Chapter 5. Charlemagne Complete course materials are available at the Yale Online website: online.yale.edu This course was recorded in Fall 2011.
Views: 172894 YaleCourses
06. Transformation of the Roman Empire
 
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The Early Middle Ages, 284--1000 (HIST 210) The Roman Empire in the West collapsed as a political entity in the fifth century although the Eastern part survived the crisis.. Professor Freedman considers this transformation through three main questions: Why did the West fall apart -- because of the external pressure of invasions or the internal problems of institutional decline? Who were these invading barbarians? Finally, does this transformation mark a gradual shift or is it right to regard it as a cataclysmic end of civilization? Professor Freedman, as a moderate catastrophist, argues that this period marked the end of a particular civilization rather than the end of civilization in general. 00:00 - Chapter 1. Introduction 05:43 - Chapter 2. Catastrophe 18:43 - Chapter 3. The Roman Army and the Visigoths 28:25 - Chapter 4. Another Kind of Barbarian: The Huns 34:19 - Chapter 5. Accomodation 38:55 - Chapter 6. Decline Complete course materials are available at the Yale Online website: online.yale.edu This course was recorded in Fall 2011.
Views: 191576 YaleCourses
Everyday Parenting - Praise Technique
 
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This is a full technique video from Dr. Alan E. Kazdin's massive open online course on Coursera called "Everyday Parenting: The ABCs of Child Rearing." Enroll today: https://www.coursera.org/learn/everyday-parenting?utm_source=YALE&utm_medium=institutions&utm_campaign=Newsletter-201708-Youtube-EP
Views: 21503 YaleCourses
Property Rules vs. Liability Rules
 
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Enjoying the lectures? Come join Prof. Ayres' on Coursera! Enrolling in his course will allow you to join in discussions with fellow learners, take assessments on the material, and earn a certificate! Link - https://www.coursera.org/learn/law-student Whether you are an advanced law student looking to review the basics, or an aspiring law student looking for head start, this course will help you build the foundation you will need to succeed in law school and beyond. This course will introduce you to terminology, concepts, and tools lawyers and legal academics use to make their arguments. It will help you follow these arguments—and make arguments of your own. The course consists of a series of short lectures and assignments. A reading list complements each lesson, providing you with a roadmap to help you explore the subject matter more deeply on your own. Although the lessons may cross-reference each other, they are modular in nature: you should feel free to approach them in whatever order fits your schedule, interests, and needs.
Views: 7784 YaleCourses
Lecture 3. The Hebrew Bible in Its Ancient Near Eastern Setting: Genesis 1-4 in Context
 
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Introduction to the Old Testament (Hebrew Bible) (RLST 145) with Christine Hayes In the first of a series of lectures on the book of Genesis, the basic elements of biblical monotheism are compared with Ancient Near Eastern texts to show a non-mythological, non-theogonic conception of the deity, a new conception of the purpose and meaning of human life, nature, magic and myth, sin and evil, ethics (including the universal moral law) and history. The two creation stories are explored and the work of Nahum Sarna is introduced. 00:00 - Chapter 1. The Creation Story in "Enuma Elish" 12:44 - Chapter 2. The Creation Stories in Genesis 28:30 - Chapter 3. Creation as God Imposing Order on the World 38:17 - Allusion to and Resonances of Ancient Near Eastern Themes Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://oyc.yale.edu This course was recorded in Fall 2006.
Views: 164630 YaleCourses
1.  Introductions: Why Does the Civil War Era Have a Hold on American Historical
 
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The Civil War and Reconstruction (HIST 119) Professor Blight offers an introduction to the course. He summarizes some of the course readings, and discusses the organization of the course is discussed. Professor Blight offers some thoughts on the nature of history and the study of history, before moving into a discussion of the reasons for Americans' enduring fascination with the Civil War. The reasons include: the human passion for epics, Americans' fondness for redemption narratives, the Civil War as a moment of "racial reckoning," the fascination with loss and lost causes, interest in military history, and the search for the origins of the modern United States. 00:00 - Chapter 1. Introduction 03:09 - Chapter 2. Course Texts and Structure 10:47 - Chapter 3. Martin Luther King Jr.'s "Promissory Note" 15:31 - Chapter 4. Books and the Purpose of History 22:00 - Chapter 5. Why Study the Civil War? 38:46 - Chapter 6. Whitman's "Democracy" and Conclusion Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/courses This course was recorded in Spring 2008.
Views: 185118 YaleCourses
2. Socratic Citizenship: Plato's Apology
 
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Introduction to Political Philosophy (PLSC 114) The lecture begins with an explanation of why Plato's Apology is the best introductory text to the study of political philosophy. The focus remains on the Apology as a symbol for the violation of free expression, with Socrates justifying his way of life as a philosopher and defending the utility of philosophy for political life. 00:00 - Chapter 1. Introduction: Plato, Apology 09:31 - Chapter 2. Political Context of the Dialogue 19:19 - Chapter 3. Accusations Leveled Against Socrates 27:51 - Chapter 4. Clouds: Debunking Socrates' New Model of Citizenship 33:31 - Chapter 5. The Famous Socratic "Turn"; Socrates' Second Sailing Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/courses This course was recorded in Fall 2006.
Views: 208778 YaleCourses
Lecture 2. The Hebrew Bible in Its Ancient Near Eastern Setting: Biblical Religion in Context
 
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Introduction to the Old Testament (Hebrew Bible) (RLST 145) with Christine Hayes In this lecture, the Hebrew Bible is understood against the background of Ancient Near Eastern culture. Drawing from and critiquing the work of Yehezkel Kaufmann, the lecture compares the religion of the Hebrew Bible with the cultures of the Ancient Near East. Two models of development are discussed: an evolutionary model of development in which the Hebrew Bible is continuous with Ancient Near Eastern culture and a revolutionary model of development in which the Israelite religion is radically discontinuous with Ancient Near Eastern culture. At stake in this debate is whether the religion of the Hebrew Bible is really the religion of ancient Israel. 00:00 - Chapter 1. The Bible as a Product of Religious and Cultural Revolution 08:16 - Chapter 2. Kaufman's Characterization of "Pagan Religion" 22:16 - Chapter 3. Kaufman's Characterization of One Sovereign God 35:13 - Chapter 4. Continuity or Radical Break? Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://oyc.yale.edu This course was recorded in Fall 2006.
Views: 183026 YaleCourses
6. The Gospel of Mark
 
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Introduction to New Testament (RLST 152) The Gospels of the New Testament are not biographies, and, in this class, they are read through a historical critical lens. This means that the events they narrate are not taken at face value as historical. The Gospel of Mark illustrates how the gospel writer skillfully crafts a narrative in order to deliver a message. It is a message that emphasizes a suffering messiah, and the necessity of suffering before glory. The gospel's apocalyptic passages predict troubles for the Jewish temple and incorporate this prediction with its understanding of the future coming of the Son of Man. 00:00 - Chapter 1. The Gospels Not As Biographies 13:44 - Chapter 2. A Historical Critical Reading of Mark 22:18 - Chapter 3. Mark's Messiah 30:26 - Chapter 4. The Apocalyptic in Mark Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/courses This course was recorded in Spring 2009.
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1.  Introduction: What is Political Philosophy?
 
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Introduction to Political Philosophy (PLSC 114) Professor Smith discusses the nature and scope of "political philosophy." The oldest of the social sciences, the study of political philosophy must begin with the works of Plato and Aristotle, and examine in depth the fundamental concepts and categories of the study of politics. The questions "which regimes are best?" and "what constitutes good citizenship?" are posed and discussed in the context of Plato's Apology. 00:00 - Chapter 1. What Is Political Philosophy? 12:16 - Chapter 2. What Is a Regime? 22:19 - Chapter 3. Who Is a Statesman? What Is a Statesman? 27:22 - Chapter 4. What Is the Best Regime? Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/courses This course was recorded in Fall 2006.
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Lecture 24. Alternative Visions: Esther, Ruth, and Jonah
 
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Introduction to the Old Testament (Hebrew Bible) (RLST 145) with Christine Hayes In this lecture, two final books of the Bible are examined and their attitudes towards foreign nations compared. In contrast to Daniel's reliance on divine intervention to punish the wicked, the book of Esther focuses on human initiative in defeating the enemies of Israel. Finally, the book of Jonah--in which the wicked Assyrians repent and are spared divine punishment--expresses the view that God is compassionate and concerned with all creation. Professor Hayes concludes the course with remarks regarding the dynamic and complex messages presented in the Hebrew Bible. 00:00 - Chapter 1. The Book of Esther 09:29 - Chapter 2. The Book of Jonah 20:32 - Chapter 3. Concluding Remarks about the Dynamic and Complex Messages in the Hebrew Bible Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://oyc.yale.edu This course was recorded in Fall 2006.
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05. St. Augustine's Confessions
 
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The Early Middle Ages, 284--1000 (HIST 210) Professor Freedman begins the lecture by considering the ways historians read the Confessions.In this work, St. Augustine gives unique insight into the life of an intellectual mind in Late Antiquity, into the impact of Christianity on the Roman Empire, and into the problems of early Christianity. The three major doctrinal concerns of the early Church were the problem of evil, the soul-body distinction, and issues of sin and redemption. In the Confessions, St. Augustine searches for explanations of these problems first in Manichaeism, then (Neo)Platonism, and finally Christianity.Underlying this narrative are Augustine's ideas of opposition to perfectionism, his exaltation of grace, and the notion of sin as indelible, not solvable. 00:00 - Chapter 1. Why we read The Confessions 08:04 - Chapter 2. A Brief Biography of Augustine 15:03 - Chapter 3. The Problem of Evil 25:30 - Chapter 4. Pears and Augustine's Conception of Sin 38:53 - Chapter 5. Perfectability, Sin, and Grac Complete course materials are available at the Yale Online website: online.yale.edu This course was recorded in Fall 2011.
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6. How Do We Communicate?: Language in the Brain, Mouth
 
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Introduction to Psychology (PSYC 110) One of the most uniquely human abilities is the capacity for creating and understanding language. This lecture introduces students to the major topics within the study of language: phonology, morphology, syntax and recursion. This lecture also describes theories of language acquisition, arguments for the specialization of language, and the commonalities observed in different languages across cultures. 00:00 - Chapter 1. The Scientific Notion of Language and Structure 15:53 - Chapter 2. Phonology: A System of Sounds 24:07 - Chapter 3. Morphology: A System of Words 27:21 - Chapter 4. Syntax: Communicating Complicated Ideas 35:21 - Chapter 5. Question and Answer on Language Structure 39:10 - Chapter 6. Noam Chomsky and Language Acquisition 47:07 - Chapter 7. The Time Course of Language Acquisition Complete course materials are available at the Yale Online website: online.yale.edu This course was recorded in Spring 2007.
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1. Introduction
 
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Introduction to Ancient Greek History (CLCV 205) Professor Donald Kagan explains why people should study the ancient Greeks. He argues that the Greeks are worthy of our study not only because of their vast achievements and contributions to Western civilization (such as in the fields of science, law, and politics) but also because they offer a unique perspective on humanity. To the Greeks, man was both simultaneously capable of the greatest achievements and the worst crimes; he was both great and important, but also mortal and fallible. He was a tragic figure, powerful but limited. Therefore, by studying the Greeks, one gains insight into a tension that has gripped and shaped the West and the rest of the world through its influence. In short, to study the Greeks is to study the nature of human experience. 00:00 - Chapter 1. Ancient Greece as the Foundation of Western Civilization 13:06 - Chapter 2. The Judeo Christian Tradition 24:50 - Chapter 3. Problems Posed by the Western Tradition Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/courses This course was recorded in Fall 2007.
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8. Semiotics and Structuralism
 
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Introduction to Theory of Literature (ENGL 300) In this lecture, Professor Paul Fry explores the semiotics movement through the work of its founding theorist, Ferdinand de Saussure. The relationship of semiotics to hermeneutics, New Criticism, and Russian formalism is considered. Key semiotic binaries--such as langue and parole, signifier and signified, and synchrony and diachrony--are explored. Considerable time is spent applying semiotics theory to the example of a "red light" in a variety of semiotic contexts. 00:00 - Chapter 1. What is Semiology? 08:34 - Chapter 2. "Langue" and "Parole," "Signified" and "Signifier" 27:08 - Chapter 3. Positive and Negative Knowledge: Arbitrary and Differential 33:11 - Chapter 4. Example: the Red Stoplight 45:55 - Chapter 5. Synchrony and Diachrony Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/courses This course was recorded in Spring 2009.
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Introduction to Classical Music by Craig Wright on Coursera
 
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Everyday, billions of people choose to listen to music. Why do we need music? Why do we need art? What is art? How does classical music work and what makes it so great? Join Craig Wright in exploring some of the answers to these questions while learning about great musicians such as Mozart, Bach, and Beethoven in his Coursera course: Introduction to Classical Music starting January 2015.
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Lecture 7. Harmony: Chords and How to Build Them
 
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Listening to Music (MUSI 112) Professor Wright explains the way harmony works in Western music. Throughout the lecture, he discusses the ways in which triads are formed out of scales, the ways that some of the most common harmonic progressions work, and the nature of modulation. Professor Wright focuses particularly on the listening skills involved in hearing whether harmonies are changing at regular or irregular rates in a given musical phrase. His musical examples in this lecture are wide-ranging, including such diverse styles as grand opera, bluegrass, and 1960s American popular music. 00:00 - Chapter 1. Introduction to Harmony 03:36 - Chapter 2. The Formation and Changing of Chords 19:50 - Chapter 3. Harmonic Progressions 35:54 - Chapter 4. Major and Minor Harmonies in Popular Music 42:38 - Chapter 5. Modulation through Harmony Complete course materials are available at the Yale Online website: online.yale.edu This course was recorded in Fall 2008.
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18. The Early Middle Ages, 284--1000: The Splendor of Byzantium
 
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The Early Middle Ages, 284--1000 (HIST 210) In this lecture, Professor Freedman surveys major trends in Byzantine history from the sixth to eleventh century, dividing the era into four periods. In the sixth century, under Justinian's rule, the Byzantine Empire experienced a period of expansion (532-565). However, the Empire was unable to hold on to Justinian's hard won territories and so contracted for over a century of crisis that threatened its survival (565-717). In the next period, (717-843), the Byzantine army was reorganized and the Empire was able to regain some lost territory. At the same time, the empire was wracked by the conflicts accompanying theological controversies over artistic representations of the sacred (the Iconoclast controversy). Finally, with the religious situation smoothed over, the Byzantine Empire was able to expand further from 843 to 1071. 00:00 - Chapter 1. Introduction 07:34 - Chapter 2. The Contraction of the Byzantine Empire 21:52 - Chapter 3. Reconstruction of the Empire 30:30 - Chapter 4. Survival of the Byzantine Empire 39:36 - Chapter 5. Expansion of the Byzantine Empire Complete course materials are available at the Yale Online website: online.yale.edu This course was recorded in Fall 2011.
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21. Democratic Statecraft: Tocqueville's Democracy in America
 
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Introduction to Political Philosophy (PLSC 114) With the emergence of democracies in Europe and the New World at the beginning of the nineteenth century, political philosophers began to re-evaluate the relationship between freedom and equality. Tocqueville, in particular, saw the creation of new forms of social power that presented threats to human liberty. His most famous work, Democracy in America, was written for his French countrymen who were still devoted to the restoration of the monarchy and whom Tocqueville wanted to convince that the democratic social revolution he had witnessed in America was equally representative of France's future. 00:00 - Chapter 1. Tocqueville's Problem 08:36 - Chapter 2. Who Was Alexis de Tocqueville? 14:04 - Chapter 3. Democracy in America and the Letter to Kergolay 35:46 - Chapter 4. The CharacterIstics of American Democracy: Importance of Local Government Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/courses This course was recorded in Fall 2006.
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Lecture 9. Sonata-Allegro Form: Mozart and Beethoven
 
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Listening to Music (MUSI 112) A brief foray into the formal characteristics of contemporary popular music is used to launch this lecture on musical form. After a discussion of the "verse-chorus" form often used in popular music, Professor Wright proceeds to take students into the realm of classical music, focusing particularly on ternary form and sonata-allegro form. Throughout his detailed explanation of sonata-allegro form, he also elaborates upon some harmonic concepts describing, for example, the relationship between relative major and minor keys. This lecture draws its musical examples from 'N Sync, Mozart, and Beethoven. 00:00 - Chapter 1. Verse-Chorus Form in Popular Music 05:56 - Chapter 2. Introduction to Form in Classical Music 12:18 - Chapter 3. Ternary Form 18:00 - Chapter 4. The Sonata-Allegro Form in Mozart's "A Little Night Music" 36:19 - Chapter 5. The Sonata-Allegro Form in Beethoven's Fifth Symphony Complete course materials are available at the Yale Online website: online.yale.edu This course was recorded in Fall 2008.
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Lecture 1. The Parts of the Whole
 
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Introduction to the Old Testament (Hebrew Bible) (RLST 145) with Christine Hayes This lecture provides an introduction to the literature of the Hebrew Bible and its structure and contents. Common misconceptions about the Bible are dispelled: the Bible is a library of books from diverse times and places rather than a single, unified book; biblical narratives contain complex themes and realistic characters and are not "pious parables" about saintly persons; the Bible is a literarily sophisticated narrative not for children; the Bible is an account of the odyssey of a people rather than a book of theology; and finally, the Bible was written by many human contributors with diverse perspectives and viewpoints. 00:00 - Chapter 1. Introduction to the Hebrew Bible and Its Radical Ideas 16:10 - Chapter 2. Common Myths about the Bible 29:33 - Chapter 3. An Overview of the Structure of the Bible 40:17 - Chapter 4. Course Organization Complete course materials are available at the Yale Online website: online.yale.edu This course was recorded in Fall 2006.
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23. How to live given the certainty of death
 
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Death (PHIL 176) In this lecture, Professor Kagan invites students to pose the question of how one should live life knowing that it will certainly end in death. He also explores the issue of how we should set our goals and how we should go about achieving them, bearing in mind the time constraints. Other questions raised are how this ultimately affects the quality of our work and our accomplishments, as well as how we decide what is worth doing in life. 00:00 - Chapter 1. How Carefully Should We Live? 11:21 - Chapter 2. Time Constraints and Goals: Finding Appropriate Contents for Life 17:30 - Chapter 3. Quantity of Life: The More, the Better? 32:38 - Chapter 4. Semi-Immortality through Accomplishments 40:21 - Chapter 5. Life Is Suffering: An Alternative Approach to Living Complete course materials are available at the Yale Online website: online.yale.edu This course was recorded in Spring 2007.
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03. Constantine and the Early Church
 
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The Early Middle Ages, 284--1000 (HIST 210) Professor Freedman examines how Christianity came to be the official religion of the Roman Empire. This process began seriously in 312, when the emperor Constantine converted after a divinely inspired victory at the Battle of the Milvian Bridge. Constantine's conversion would have seemed foolish as a political strategy since Christianity represented a completely different system of values from that of the Roman state, but not only did it prove to be a brilliant storke in aid of Constantine's quest for power, it fundamentally changed the character of the Empire and that of the early Church. Constantine also moved his capitol to a new city he founded in the East, named Constantinople, opening the possibility of a Roman Empire without Rome. Professor Freedman ends the lecture with a comparison of Diocletian and Constantine. 00:00 - Chapter 1. Introduction 07:03 - Chapter 2. Constantine's Rise to Power 10:12 - Chapter 3. The Battle of the Milvian Bridge and Constantine's Conversion 17:01 - Chapter 4. Constantine as a Christian Emperor 23:50 - Chapter 5. The City of Constantinople 31:32 - Chapter 6. Constantine intervenes in Church Doctrine 39:38 - Chapter 7. Constantine and Diocletian Complete course materials are available at the Yale Online website: online.yale.edu This course was recorded in Fall 2011.
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16. The Rawlsian Social Contract
 
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Moral Foundations of Politics (PLSC 118) The next and final Enlightenment tradition to be examined in the class is that of John Rawls, who, according to Professor Shapiro, was a hugely important figure not only in contemporary political philosophy, but also in the field of philosophy as a whole. Today, the class is introduced to some of the principal features of Rawls's theory of justice, such as the original position and the veil of ignorance, two of Rawls's most important philosophical innovations. Rawls channels Kant's categorical imperative because he asks individuals who would hypothetically be making choices about the structure of society to consider what would be desirable regardless of who they turned out to be--high IQ or low IQ, male or female, black or white, rich or poor. Rawls does not want to consider utility or welfare, but rather something more concrete--resources. And for him, these resources are liberties, opportunities, income and wealth, and the social bases of self-respect. The first of these leads to Rawls's first principle of justice, which states, "Each person is to have an equal right to the most extensive total system of liberties compatible with a similar system of liberty for all." Professor Shapiro animates this principle by asking, "Should there be an established religion?" For Rawls, the approach to answering this question is from the standpoint of the most adversely affected person. 00:00 - Chapter 1. Political Liberalism: John Rawls (1921 -- 2002) 11:59 - Chapter 2. Insights and Questions in Rawls's Theory of Justice 34:15 - Chapter 3. Resourcism and The General Conception of Justice Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/courses This course was recorded in Spring 2010.
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1. Introduction: Freeman's Top Five Tips for Studying the Revolution
 
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The American Revolution (HIST 116) Professor Freeman offers an introduction to the course, summarizing the readings and discussing the course's main goals. She also offers five tips for studying the Revolution: 1) Avoid thinking about the Revolution as a story about facts and dates; 2) Remember that words we take for granted today, like "democracy," had very different meanings; 3) Think of the "Founders" as real people rather than mythic historic figures; 4) Remember that the "Founders" aren't the only people who count in the Revolution; 5) Remember the importance of historical contingency: that anything could have happened during the Revolution. 00:00 - Chapter 1. Introduction: Is the War Part of the American Revolution? 08:24 - Chapter 2. Reading Materials for the Course 13:45 - Chapter 3. Freeman's Tips One and Two: Facts and Meanings 22:13 - Chapter 4. Freeman's Tip Three: The Founders Were Human, Too 31:33 - Chapter 5. Freeman's Tip Four: The Other Revolutionaries 37:48 - Chapter 6. Freeman's Tip Five and Conclusion Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/courses This course was recorded in Spring 2010.
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12. Thomas Pynchon, The Crying of Lot 49
 
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The American Novel Since 1945 (ENGL 291) Professor Hungerford introduces this lecture by reviewing the ways that authors on the syllabus up to this point have dealt with the relationship between language and life, that collection of elusive or obvious things that for literary critics fall under the category of "the Real." The Real can shout out from a work of art, as it sometimes does in Black Boy, or haunt it, as in Lolita. It can elude authors like Kerouac and Barth for widely different reasons. Placing Pynchon firmly in the context of the political upheaval of the 1960s that he is often seen to avoid, Hungerford argues that Pynchon--no less than a writer of faith like Flannery O'Connor--is deeply invested in questions of meaning and emotional response, so that The Crying of Lot 49 is a sincere call for connection, and a lament for loss, as much as it is an ironic, playful puzzle. 00:00 - Chapter 1. Language and Reality: Course Review 09:18 - Chapter 2. Pynchon and Politics: Activism and Passivism in the 1960s 15:42 - Chapter 3. The Variable Roles of Oedipa Maas 36:02 - Chapter 4. Finding Reality in the Social Details Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/courses This course was recorded in Spring 2008.
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