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What is INTERNATIONAL TRADE LAW? What does INTERNATIONAL TRADE LAW mean?
 
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What is INTERNATIONAL TRADE LAW? What does INTERNATIONAL TRADE LAW mean? INTERNATIONAL TRADE LAW meaning - INTERNATIONAL TRADE LAW definition - INTERNATIONAL TRADE LAW explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. International Trade Law includes the appropriate rules and customs for handling trade between countries. However, it is also used in legal writings as trade between private sectors, which is not right. This branch of law is now an independent field of study as most governments have become part of the world trade, as members of the World Trade Organization (WTO). Since the transaction between private sectors of different countries is an important part of the WTO activities, this latter branch of law is now a very important part of the academic works and is under study in many universities across the world. International trade law should be distinguished from the broader field of international economic law. The latter could be said to encompass not only WTO law, but also law governing the international monetary system and currency regulation, as well as the law of international development. The body of rules for transnational trade in the 21st century derives from medieval commercial laws called the lex mercatoria and lex maritima — respectively, "the law for merchants on land" and "the law for merchants on sea." Modern trade law (extending beyond bilateral treaties) began shortly after the Second World War, with the negotiation of a multilateral treaty to deal with trade in goods: the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). International trade law is based on theories of economic liberalism developed in Europe and later the United States from the 18th century onwards. International Trade Law is an aggregate of legal rules of “international legislation” and new lex mercatoria, regulating relations in international trade. “International legislation” – international treaties and acts of international intergovernmental organizations regulating relations in international trade. lex mercatoria - "the law for merchants on land". Alok Narayan defines "lex mercatoria" as "any law relating to businesses" which was criticised by Professor Julius Stone. and lex maritima - "the law for merchants on sea. Alok in his recent article criticised this definition to be "too narrow" and "merely-creative". Professor Dodd and Professor Malcolm Shaw of Leeds University supported this proposition. In 1995, the World Trade Organization, a formal international organization to regulate trade, was established. It is the most important development in the history of international trade law. The purposes and structure of the organization is governed by the Agreement Establishing The World Trade Organization, also known as the "Marrakesh Agreement". It does not specify the actual rules that govern international trade in specific areas. These are found in separate treaties, annexed to the Marrakesh Agreement. Scope of WTO : (a) provide framework for administration and implementation of agreements; (b) forum for further negotiations; (c) trade policy review mechanism;and (d) promote greater coherence among members economics policies Principles of the WTO: (a) principle of non-discrimination (most-favoured-nation treatment obligation and the national treatment obligation) (b) market access (reduction of tariff and non-tariff barriers to trade) (c) balancing trade liberalisation and other societal interests (d) harmonisation of national regulation (TRIPS agreement, TBT agreement, SPS agreement) The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade(GATT) has been the backbone of international trade law since 1948 after the charter for international trade had been agreed upon in Havana. It contains rules relating to "unfair" trading practices — dumping and subsidies. Many things impacted GATT like the Uruguay Round and the North American Free Trade Agreement.
Views: 5846 The Audiopedia
Imports, Exports, and Exchange Rates: Crash Course Economics #15
 
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What is a trade deficit? Well, it all has to do with imports and exports and, well, trade. This week Jacob and Adriene walk you through the basics of imports, exports, and exchange. So, you remember the specialization and trade thing, right? So, that leads to imports and exports. Economically, in the aggregate, this is usually a good thing. Globalization and free trade do tend to increase overall wealth. But not everybody wins. Crash Course is on Patreon! You can support us directly by signing up at http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse Thanks to the following Patrons for their generous monthly contributions that help keep Crash Course free for everyone forever: Mark, Eric Kitchen, Jessica Wode, Jeffrey Thompson, Steve Marshall, Moritz Schmidt, Robert Kunz, Tim Curwick, Jason A Saslow, SR Foxley, Elliot Beter, Jacob Ash, Christian, Jan Schmid, Jirat, Christy Huddleston, Daniel Baulig, Chris Peters, Anna-Ester Volozh, Ian Dundore, Caleb Weeks -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 828014 CrashCourse
Master’s programme in International Business Law
 
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As economic life is affected by globalisation, it is important for successful business law professionals to have extensive knowledge of international business law. The MDP in International Business Law (IBL) is a two-year research-oriented Master´s programme where you will become an internationally-oriented business law professional well-qualified for a career in legal practice and academia. https://www.helsinki.fi/en/studying
Rock Center | National Security Regulation: Another Source of Enterprise Risk for Tech Companies
 
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The U.S. Government administers certain laws regulating “international” business activities to advance priority U.S. national security objectives. These legal regimes, such as the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States, economic sanctions, and export controls, have been substantially enhanced in the last decade as U.S. policymakers have revisited the salience of regulation as an instrument of national security statecraft. Technology innovation and operating models implicate these legal regimes in non-obvious (and, sometimes, counter-intuitive) ways. And, non-compliance with these rules can adversely impact business strategy and investment decisions, lead to significant individual and corporate civil and criminal penalties, and may even result in imprisonment for responsible persons. This session, the Third Annual Kirkland & Ellis Law Forum, reviews how these legal requirements represent not merely a compliance challenge for tech companies, but an enterprise risk vector for their boards and management teams. Speakers: Mario Mancuso Partner and Head of International Trade and National Security Practice, Kirkland & Ellis LLP Mario Mancuso, P.C., a partner in Kirkland’s Washington, D.C., and New York offices, leads the Firm’s International Trade and National Security practice. A former member of the President’s national security team, Mario represents corporations, boards, financial sponsors, financial institutions, and principal investors on a wide variety of corporate, investigative and enforcement-related matters worldwide. Danya Perry Chief of Litigation and Deputy General Counsel, MacAndrews & Forbes A. Douglas Melamed (moderator) Professor of the Practice of Law, Stanford Law School; Former Senior Vice President and General Counsel of Intel Corporation Doug Melamed practiced law for 43 years before spending the 2014-15 academic year at the Law School as the Herman Phleger Visiting Professor of Law. He was appointed Professor of the Practice of Law in 2015.
Views: 248 stanfordlawschool
Multinational Corporations
 
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For-profit enterprises with operations in more than one state. MNCs are common but their role and impact in global politics is controversial.
Views: 163071 allensens
Cultural difference in business | Valerie Hoeks | TEDxHaarlem
 
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This talk was given at a local TEDx event, produced independently of the TED Conferences. One of the elements of the cultural difference between Europe and China is the importance that is given to relationships. In the West you would assume the importance to be the same, but there is a significant distinction. In China connections with the right people help you to get things done, to survive and to succeed. Whereas in the West content is predominant, in China the way people interact with each other strongly influences the working environment. 'Face' and long-term effects are taken into consideration. Valérie Hoeks (1982) studied Sinology at the Leiden University and has been active in China for over a decade as a traveller, a student and later as an entrepreneur. As soon as she set foot on Chinese soil she knew she would come back many times. In 2010 Valérie co-founded China Inroads in collaboration with with her Dutch and Chinese business partner. China Inroads provides a strong foothold for innovative companies that want to expand their business to the Chinese market. About TEDx, x = independently organized event In the spirit of ideas worth spreading, TEDx is a program of local, self-organized events that bring people together to share a TED-like experience. At a TEDx event, TEDTalks video and live speakers combine to spark deep discussion and connection in a small group. These local, self-organized events are branded TEDx, where x = independently organized TED event. The TED Conference provides general guidance for the TEDx program, but individual TEDx events are self-organized.* (*Subject to certain rules and regulations)
Views: 307784 TEDx Talks
The Business Case for Fighting Corruption
 
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In the 1970s, the United States led a global movement to fight corruption and promote the rule of law. Over the years, the movement gained traction around the world, and various indices, such as the World Economic Forum's Global Competitiveness Index, Heritage Foundation's Index of Economic Freedom, and World Justice Project's Rule of Law Index were developed. These indices were able to highlight corruption as a widespread problem and consistent barrier to economic growth and wealth creation. Corruption often leads to higher transaction costs, which lead to less productivity and misallocated resources that, among other issues, dampens investment critical to economic growth. Promoting a culture of compliance and supporting civil society engagement (e.g., antitrust laws and whistleblowers) is essential for combating global corruption. A return to a focus on good governance - in particular, a leveling up of the global playing field for businesses to operate overseas while complying with international standards and U.S. regulations - will help companies maintain their competitiveness and facilitate investment and capital where it is needed the most. Given a number of initiatives led by the private sector and civil society, corruption continues to get attention; but it is worth exploring additional ways that the U.S. government might lead global anti-corruption efforts and, in doing so, promote an expansion of the rule of law. Join us for a timely discussion with an expert panel about the business case for U.S. government involvement in combating corruption and supporting the rule of law. This event is made possible by general support to CSIS. --------------------------------------------------------------------- Subscribe to our channel: http://cs.is/2dCfTve CSIS is the world's #1 defense and national security think tank. Visit http://www.csis.org to find more of our work as we bring bipartisan solutions to the world's greatest challenges. Check out the rest of our videos here: http://cs.is/2dolqpj Follow CSIS on Twitter: http://twitter.com/csis On Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CSIS.org And on Instagram: http://www.instagram.com/csis/
Air Law & Space Law: spatial delimitation between airspace & outer space | Dr Gbenga Oduntan
 
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THINK KENT – INTERNATIONAL THINKERS | GLOBAL IMPACT There is no universally agreed precise legal, technical or political definition of either the boundaries separating airspace from outer space or of the term ‘outer space’ itself. Yet two separate legal regimes exist for the regulation of these two environments. Whilst states have complete and exclusive sovereignty of their airspace, there can be no exercise of sovereignty in outer space other than jurisdiction over space flight vehicles and objects such as space stations. In this lecture, Dr Gbenga Oduntan, Senior Lecturer in International Commercial Law at the University of Kent, critiques the leading theories that have been postulated to solve this problem, and proposes an original solution regarding the spatial demarcation boundary point issue in air and space law. ► SEARCH for a course at the University of Kent: http://www.kent.ac.uk/courses/?utm_source=YouTube&utm_medium=OduntanSearch&utm_campaign=ThinkKent1516 ► Research at Kent: https://www.kent.ac.uk/research/?utm_source=YouTube&utm_medium=OduntanResearch&utm_campaign=ThinkKent1516 ► SUBSCRIBE for more Think Kent lectures: http://www.youtube.com/user/UniversityofKent?sub_confirmation=1 ABOUT DR GBENGA ODUNTAN Dr Oduntan is Senior Lecturer in International Commercial Law at Kent Law School. His primary research interests span public and private international law, particularly international courts and tribunals; arbitration; international commercial law, anti corruption law; land/maritime boundary and territorial disputes; and air and space law. He teaches undergraduate and postgraduate modules in International Business Transactions, International Commercial Arbitration, and Laws of the Maritime, Air and Outer Spaces. He also supervises research students in areas including International Commercial Law, Public International Law, and International Arbitration. ► Find out more about Dr Gbenga Oduntan: https://www.kent.ac.uk/law/people/academic/Oduntan,_Gbenga.html?utm_source=YouTube&utm_medium=OduntanProfile&utm_campaign=ThinkKent1516 Find the University of Kent on social media: ► Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/UniversityofKent ► Twitter: https://twitter.com/unikent ► Instagram: https://instagram.com/unikentlive/ ► LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/company/university-of-kent
Views: 5603 University of Kent
Energy. EG 1 - New business models and energy regulation
 
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The evolution of the energy sector over the forthcoming decade depends significantly on legislation. National and international regulations and international agreements could either facilitate or suppress certain technological developments and the behind-the-scenes businesses that make them possible. Speaker: · Ron Pernick - Founder and managing director - Clean Edge Inc - Portland - USA · Alistair Buchanan - Former CEO - Office of Gas and Electricity Markets OFGEM - London - UK · Gil Soto Tolosa - European Business Development Manager, Lighting Solutions Centre (LSC) - Professional Lighting Solutions Europe - Eindhoven - The Netherlands Moderator: Michael Kavanagh - Energy and Utilities Reporter - Financial Times - London - UK Date: 19/11/2013 Time: 12:30:00
International Law Explained
 
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The depth and breadth of international law. Kal Raustiala: I think international law is one of these things that's a little bit like the air where it's everywhere. We don't really notice it so when you get on a plane and you fly to Europe the ability to get on that plane, cross over the air space of other countries, sometimes you see the little map when you're in the plane that shows you're crossing over Greenland or whatever, all of that is governed by international law in different ways. Different treaties are in place to take care of all the questions that might arise about aviation. So that's a really mundane example and then at the other extreme we've got much more contentious examples like--  Let's take the war in Iraq. So as most of us remember in the run up to the war the Bush administration went to the security council at the United Nations and tried to get a second resolution, and they're doing that because there is a legal framework in place that governs the ability of countries to enter in to armed conflict. So between those two bookends a zillion other examples but I think the thing to recognize about international law is in a globalized world, in an integrated world, you are constantly dealing with things that are crossing borders or you're crossing borders and international law is usually playing some role in shaping that. Question: What dictates international law?the most common thing are treaties and most of us are familiar with--  I mentioned aviation. There are treaties governing that. The UN itself was created by a treaty. So treaties are kind of the backbone a little bit like we think of statutes in the domestic context, but we do have something like common law. We call it customary law so a good example would be the law of the sea. There's all kinds of rules about ships and their ability to go on the high seas and who can board and where they can cross. Most of that is governed by custom and the idea is this custom kind of a cruise over time like the common law becomes entrenched and accepted as law, and then there is also courts. Right. So we have--  The International Court of Justice sits in The Hague and we've got a series of other courts. Right. The World Trade Organization has a court and so forth. So there is a set of judicial institutions much like in our domestic system so in a lot of ways it's a very similar system. There isn't I suppose a constitutional equivalent. There isn't a kind of grand governing thing but there are literally tens of thousands of treaties so a surprising amount of topics are covered.Question: Who are the governing bodies?There are a whole set of international organizations so from the United Nations being the most broad, the most elaborated, probably the most famous. The World Trade Organization is a little more specialized and then you've got dozens and dozens and dozens, thousands probably, of these subsidiary international organizations, international maritime organization dealing with law of the sea questions and so on down the line. And these have been created over the years. Some of them date back to the nineteenth century but for the most part that's a kind of twentieth-century phenomenon so one of the things we see in the last century or so has been one, the rise of these international organizations, the UN being the paramount example, and two, the use of treaties. Treaties existed in the past but when we talked about custom and common law that was much more common. Now we tend to codify that in to treaty. So those two things are sort of two major trends of the last century.Question: How will globalization affect international law?in the sense that you can have a treaty for example in which every country is a member of that treaty and so would be governed by that, and in fact we have lots of treaties that are pretty close to what you've got in virtually every single country. The Convention on the Rights of the Child I think is a good example where only the United States and Somalia when I last checked were not parties to that treaty. The United Nations Charter comes pretty close. Right. So virtually every country--  Switzerland for a long time was a holdout. Virtually every country is part of the UN system and so governed by the rules of the UN Charter so there is no barrier to that and we do see it.
Views: 90668 Big Think
Risk, Regulation and International Cooperation - Session 4.4
 
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Risk regulation in an interconnected world http://www.irr-network.org Our increasingly interconnected world presents new challenges and opportunities for the regulation of risks. Global trade brings product risks across borders, such as unsafe foods or toys, while it also poses competitiveness constraints on national regulatory bodies. Now globalization is facilitating the propagation of risks across borders, such as pollution, pandemics and terrorist networks. On the other hand, increasing globalization also offers opportunities for regulators to improve their policies, through learning and borrowing of ideas across borders. Meanwhile, in a complex world, precautionary policies may reduce some risks, but could create other risks, and may spur rather than calm public anxiety. How can countries learn from each other about the best approaches to the regulation of health, safety, security, and environmental risks? How should countries organize the oversight of their regulatory systems? What are the pressures and opportunities of engagement in global networks?
Anti-Money-Laundering, Counterterrorism Financing and Financial Crime
 
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Anti-Money-Laundering, Counterterrorism Financing and Financial Crime: The Critical Role of Financial Institutions and How It Affects You Talk by Hue Dang ’92, Head of Asia for the Association of Certified Anti-Money-Laundering Specialists. Media coverage in the last several years of financial penalties against global banks such as BNP Paribas ($8.9 billion) or HSBC ($1.92 billion) for money-laundering and sanctions violations—to name just a few examples—highlights the increasing risks to banks as they conduct their normal business. We now live in an era of international money-laundering controls. The terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, revolutionized the anti-money-laundering (AML) field and brought into stark relief the threat of the movement and disguising of funds destined for the support of terrorism throughout the world, introducing a whole new effort to combat the financing of terrorism (CFT). As a result of the governmental reaction in virtually all countries, banks, non-bank financial institutions and nonfinancial businesses face tougher national and international legal requirements and harsher penalties than ever before. By the same token, the regulators of those businesses, law-enforcement agents and prosecutors also face greater challenges and responsibilities in their work. The discussion of what this means to you will include the economic and social consequences of money laundering; the latest regulatory developments in the U.S., Asia and Europe; challenges in effective AML/CFT implementation; and key lessons learned from recent cases. Presented by the Class of 1992.
Views: 32981 AmherstCollege
Global Business in Practice | GeorgetownX on edX | Course About Video
 
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Get an overall view of the increasingly complex challenges of global business from the insights, perspectives and experience of Georgetown faculty and senior executives currently working in multinational companies. Take this course free on edX: https://www.edx.org/course/global-business-practice-georgetownx-gbex-650-01x#! ABOUT THIS COURSE Global Business in Practice helps you understand the impact globalization has on global trade and how companies need to react. Business schools are very good at compiling theories; we add value by combining those theories with the practical realities faced by top executives and exploring the management of global business from their perspectives. Leading industry experts will be featured throughout the course, including: Joseph P. Baratta, Global Head of Private Equity at Blackstone; Maximo J. Blandon, Managing Director at Stephens Inc.; Mark G. Del Rosso, Executive Vice President & COO of Audi of America; Thomas J. DeRosa, CEO and Director of Welltower; Fabrizio Freda, President & CEO of The Estée Lauder Companies; Franck J. Moison, Vice Chairman at Colgate-Palmolive; Roxana Pierce, Of Counsel at Robbins Geller Rudman & Dowd LLP; Monica Vidal, Partner at MVS Global Consulting Services; Stephanie von Friedeburg, CIO and VP for Information and Technology Solutions at the World Bank Group. You will understand the horizontal nature of practical problem solving rather than the vertical work and learning that traditionally happens in functional silos. Our goal is that, through this course, you will come to explicitly understand that globalization affects every country regardless of its economic, political or social situation. In this context, as countries endeavor to adapt their policies to new demands, companies deploy strategies to attain an increasingly globally integrated production system. The globalized world forces us to seek and develop appropriate ways to undergo this process. Today, discussions about the advantages and disadvantages of globalization are insignificant and unimportant in the face of the great need to determine the essential conditions for countries, companies and individuals to really benefit from it. A fundamental knowledge of core business disciplines is clearly a “must” for aspiring global leaders, but the complexity of the global world requires us to push the envelope and extend the limits of what is possible. Join us as we explore the future of global business leadership. WHAT YOU'LL LEARN You will come away from this course with the foundational knowledge of what it takes to be a “Global Ready Leader” and will be able to use key findings about the workings of globalization to make more informed decisions in a business context: You will be able to understand the practical complexities of what globalization is and how it affects the business environment regardless of its economic, political or social situation. You will be able to articulate how global challenges are becoming increasingly complex by gaining insights from executives at different multinational corporations. You will be able to conceptualize the differences in global business orientations and apply them in specific situations (i.e., multinational, global, glocal) using academic frameworks. You will be able to explain how regulations and geopolitical forces shape global business environments and create both tensions and opportunities in the context of global business. You will be able to articulate how the global environment is changing and forcing companies to develop sustainability practices based on creating economic value by creating societal value. You will appreciate how global supply chains are the response to the increasing integration of international markets as firms try to remain competitive.
Views: 1563 edX
The transformational power of multinational business | Colin Mayer | TEDxEastEnd
 
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There’s a power in the world: the most powerful force there is - and it could be an evil force. But it can also be the biggest force for good. That force: multinational business. Colin Mayer explains his vision for how business can and must transform itself and its impact on the world. Colin is currently the Peter Moores Professor of Management Studies at the Saïd Business School at the University of Oxford and the first Director of the Oxford Financial Research Centre between 1998 and 2005. His research interests include corporate finance, governance, regulation and taxation. He has worked on international comparisons of financial systems and corporate governance and their effects on the financing and control of corporations. Colin has been a fellow at Harvard University and the Bank of England and has had visiting positions at Université de Bruxelles, Columbia, MIT and Stanford universities. He has consulted for numerous large corporations and for governments, regulators and international agencies around the world and was the chairman of Oxera Ltd. one of the largest independent economics consultancies in Europe. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at http://ted.com/tedx
Views: 10089 TEDx Talks
International banking regulation in Asia on the rise
 
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Entrepreneurs investing in Asia are likely to have stumbled on one recent trend: opening a corporate bank account in Asia is really hard. Here is Healy Consultants' opinion on these regulations and how they've impacted their clients.
The laws that regulate the movement of money
 
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Last weeks headlines of a case between Mark Shuttleworth and the South African Reserve Bank got some of us thinking about the laws that regulate the movement of money. On Tuesday, the Mandela Institute at the Wits School of Law hosted a workshop to analyse South Africa's decision to abandon the regulation of foreign investments through international instruments, in favour of national regulation. What is the implication of this decision. From the International Investment Initiative, World Trade institute at the University of Bern, Dr Stephen Gelb in studio....http://owl.li/Cqyvn
Views: 402 SABC Digital News
2011 Annual Business Conference - Session 1
 
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Gerry Dick moderates a session on the relationship between government and business, with John Boquist, Bruce Jaffee, Charles Gassenheimer, R. David Hoover, Kevin Kabat, and Derica Rice. Dick is President and Managing Editor of Grow Indiana Media Ventures; Boquist is Edward E. Edwards Professor of Finance, and Jaffee is Professor Emeritus of Business Economics and Public Policy, both at the Indiana University Kelley School of Business; Gassenheimer is CEO and Chairman of Ener1, Hoover is Chairman of Ball Corporation, Kabat is President and CEO of Fifth Third Bancorp, and Rice is Executive Vice President, Global Services and Chief Financial Officer of Eli Lilly.Dick first moderates a point-counterpoint discussion between Boquist and Jaffee about the role of government in a market economy. Boquist offers a statement of support for free market capitalism based on individual rights, with government intervention limited to regulating against force and fraud. Jaffee counters with a statement on the benefits of regulation. They also discuss taxation, innovation, and global markets and national regulation. Dick next introduces the four panelists, who each speak about their views on the relationship between government and business. Gassenheimer speaks about his company, Ener1, and the importance of government investment in innovation and alternative energy for a long term, strategic energy plan. Hoover discusses his belief that there is currently too much regulation of business and outlines how the government can effectively foster a competitive manufacturing sector in the U.S., including reforming the corporate tax code and defending intellectual property.Kabat discusses his experience with Fifth Third Bancorp during the financial crisis and his views on the bank bailouts and subsequent legislation. Last, Rice offers a view from the pharmaceutical industry, noting the unique and synergistic relationship his company has with the government. He calls for protection of intellectual property, fair regulation of pharmaceuticals, tax reform, and continued government cooperation on research and development. Website: https://kelley.iu.edu/faculty-research/centers-institutes/international-business/index.cshtml About IIB: The Institute for International Business expands the ways people think about themselves in the world and how they interact with others from around the world. Through our field work and programs, we bring people and organizations together to create economic opportunities for individuals and communities.
Global Research Business Network Launch
 
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The new Global Research Business Network was launched at the 2012 MRS annual conference on 21 March 2012. The Global Research Business Network connects 25 research associations and over 2500 research businesses on five continents, who collectively represent more than US$24.6 billion (€18.54 billion) in annual research revenues (turnover). Its mission is to promote and advance the business of research by developing and supporting strong autonomous national research associations by: •Sharing information and expertise to strengthen and develop national associations to deliver value to their members •Promoting development of research technologies and insights through creating additional opportunities for cross-border exchanges among research associations, communities and businesses •Promoting international ethical and quality standards •Promoting effective self regulation at the national level and developing solutions to resolve complaints about multi-country and cross-border projects •Developing guidance on cross-border trade issues such as outsourcing and sub-contracting •Identifying needs and potential partnerships between national associations. EFAMRO, the European Federation of Associations of Market Research Organisations of which MRS is a member, joined forces with APRC, the Asia Pacific Research Committee and ARIA, and the Americas Research Industry Alliance, to create the Global Research Business Network. The Network is guided by five principles: AUTONOMY: The Network acknowledges the role of each national association in representing and promoting the interests of their national membership. COLLABORATION: The Network will enhance member value of each national association by strengthening the relevance of the association in a global environment. The strength of the Network is dependent on vibrant, healthy and relevant national associations. COMMON STANDARDS: The Network will compile and publish a set of global standards and guidelines to provide a common framework for the development of the business of research, while acknowledging national and regional variations. RESPECT: The Network respects the desire of each national association to direct its own efforts to promote self-regulation while advancing the business of research. National associations are in the best position to address changes in the legal environment that might impact research. DEVELOPMENT: The Network will sponsor conferences and events and encourage participation in national association events to promote the growth of members, who are all concerned with the business of research. The Global Research Business Network is co-directed by Peter Harris of APRC, Alex Garnica of ARIA and Barry Ryan of EFAMRO. To find out more visit the GRBN website or contact GRBN direct via: [email protected]
Data Protection and Privacy
 
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Increasingly, an ever-wider range of economic, political and social activities are moving online, encompassing various kinds of information and communications technologies (ICTs). The evolving ICT use is having a transformational impact on the way business is done, and the way people interact among themselves, as well as with government, enterprises and other stakeholders. This new landscape gives rise to new business models and a wider scope for innovation. At the same time, it facilitates undesirable activities online, including cybercrime. Against this background, world leaders in 2015 underscored the importance of adopting relevant policy responses to harness the potential of ICTs for all seventeen Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Creating trust online is a fundamental challenge to ensuring that the opportunities emerging in the information economy can be fully leveraged. The handling of data is a central component in this context. In today's digital world, personal data are the fuel that drives much commercial activity online, raising concerns of privacy and security of information. The present regulatory situation is far from ideal. Some countries lack rules altogether. Some national pieces of legislation are incompatible with each other. UNCTAD provides legal advise and build capacity of policy and law makers. It also serves as a valuable forum for a much-needed global dialogue geared to building consensus in a very important policy field such as data protection. UNCTAD's work on Developing electronic commerce legislation: http://unctad.org/en/Pages/DTL/STI_and_ICTs/ICT4D-Legislation.aspx
Views: 23919 UNCTADOnline
What is ISO International Organization for Standardization?
 
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http://zerotoprotraining.com What is ISO - International Organization for Standardization? Category: Management Tags: ISO
Views: 52038 HandsonERP
2. Principles & Strategies in Environmental Law
 
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Environmental Politics and Law (EVST 255) The United States' fragmented, piecemeal approach to environmental law is presented through the cases that led to the creation of major environmental statutes such as the Clean Water Act and the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act. The variety of federal agencies and levels of government that participate in creating and implementing regulation contribute to the fragmentation of American environmental law. Environmental law seeks to balance the costs of environmental degradation with the economic benefits that companies reap. However, the uncertainty of environmental costs leads to a slow and ineffective regulation process. 00:00 - Chapter 1. A Course About Defining and Solving Problems 04:09 - Chapter 2. The US's Fragmented Approach to Environmental Law 09:22 - Chapter 3. The Central Questions of Environmental Law 30:08 - Chapter 4. A Society with Elaborate Environmental Law 37:33 - Chapter 5. Overview of Cases for the Course Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/courses This course was recorded in Spring 2010.
Views: 32272 YaleCourses
DPA perspective on national consistency: Inside the EU
 
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www.privacylaws.com Speaker: Florence Raynal, Head, European and International Affairs, CNIL, France Recorded at the Privacy Laws & Business 31st Annual International Conference
IR Today: Global Disclosure Considerations
 
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Jeff Morgan, President and CEO, National Investor Relations Institute (NIRI), and Frank Zarb, Partner, Poskauer Rose, LLP, discuss global disclosure and how to ensure your company complies with local regulations.
Views: 285 NIRINational
State of Telecom 2012 - 6) Regulation
 
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State of Telecom 2012 - Over the Top: New Business Models with New International Telecom Rules? - at Columbia Business School NYC on September 24 2012. 6. Regulation of Over-the-Top Services: Should National Regulation and the ITRs Be Expanded Beyond Networks to Include Applications? Moderator: Robert Pepper, Senior Managing Director of Advanced Technology Policy, Cisco Speakers: • Roland Doll, VP International Governmental Affairs, Deutsche Telekom (Germany) • Amb. David Gross, Wiley & Rein (former U.S. Coordinator for International Communications and Information Policy, Department of State) (USA) • Leonard J. Cali, SVP, Global Public Policy, AT&T (USA) • Chris Libertelli, Head of Global Public Policy, Netflix (USA) • Carlos Raul Gutierrez, President of the Council - SUTEL (Costa Rica) • Mark Cooper, Director of Research, Consumer Federation of America • Sally Wentworth, Senior Manager of Public Policy, Internet Society • David J. Farber, Trustee, Internet Society Presented by Columbia Institute for Tele-Information and IDATE https://www4.gsb.columbia.edu/citi - http://www.idate.org/ More info: http://isoc-ny.org/p2/?p=4258 Webcast sponsored by Internet Society North America Bureau ISOC-NY #2094-06 Webcast support: NYI http://nyi.net
Shekhar Shah - India: Growth and Regulations / Inde : régulation et croissance (1/4) (2012)
 
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The Canada-India centre for Excellence in Science, Technology, Trade and Policy at Carleton University and the International Development Research Centre (IDRC) present Can India end Poverty in a generation? Shekhar Shah, Director-General of India's National Council of Applied Economic Research (NCAER) explored the opportunities and challenges facing India in a public lecture hosted by the Canada-India Centre for Excellence in Science, Technology, Trade and Policy. The event was moderated by Vivek Dehejia, Carleton University economics professor, blogger, and commentator on India. NCAER is a grantee of IDRC and the Think Tank Initiative and is one of India's oldest and largest independent economic think tanks committed to assist government, the private sector, and civil society in making informed, evidence-based policy choices. The following interview has four segments: (i) growth and regulations; (ii) politics and history; (iii) politics and reform; and, (iv) need for reform. Le centre du Canada et l'Inde pour l'excellence en science, la technologie, du commerce et de la politique à l'Université Carleton et le Centre de recherches pour le développement international (CRDI) présentent L'Inde peut-elle mettre un terme à la pauvreté en une génération ? À l'invitation du Canada-India Centre for Excellence in Science, Technology, Trade and Policy, le directeur général du National Council of Applied Economic Research (NCAER), Shekhar Shah donnait une causerie à Ottawa dans laquelle il abordait les défis auxquels l'Inde est confrontée et les occasions qu'elle pourrait saisir. La causerie avait pour modérateur Vivek Dehejia, professeur d'économie à l'Université Carleton de même que blogueur et commentateur au sujet de l'Inde. Le NCAER compte parmi les plus anciens et les plus importants think tanks indépendants en Inde dans le domaine économique. Résolu à aider le secteur public, le secteur privé et la société civile à opérer des choix en matière de politiques qui sont avertis et fondés sur des données probantes, le NCAER est bénéficiaire de subventions du CRDI et de l'Initiative Think Tank. L'entretien a quatre segments : (i) régulation et croissance; (ii) politique et histoire; (iii) politique et réformes ; et (iv) le besoin de réforme.
Views: 348 IDRC | CRDI
Michel Barnier: "Future of EU is much more important than Brexit, UK closes doors on itself"
 
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The United Kingdom is "closing the doors on itself" - and the only possible model left is a free trade agreement, EU's chief Brexit negotiator Michel Barnier has said today at an international business conference in Brussels. The EU's chief negotiator said it was time to "tell the truth" about making "difficult but necessary choices". If the UK elects to leave the Single Market that will mean "strict rules" on areas such as data protection - insisting there will be no mutual recognition on this matter. "In the absence of a common discipline, in the absence of EU law that can override national law, in the absence of common supervision and a common court, there can be no mutual recognition of standards," he said. In choosing to leave the customs union, Barnier echoed his colleague Donald Tusk's words from earlier today, noting that necessarily would result in the end of frictionless trade. And thirdly, he noted that the UK's choice of whether to move away from the European regulatory model or not would go to the heart of "our social market economy, food safety, effective financial regulation, and a precautionary approach to environmental and public health risks". "For an ambitious economic partnership, we will need to find common ground on the rules that apply to social and environmental matters, to consumer protection and to competition," he said, pointing to aviation as an example where numerous issues could arise. It is understood that the UK government's current thinking is to accept alignment on areas such as Open Skies, however. Barnier pressed the UK government to make clear what it is seeking to "enable us to begin building an ambitious future partnership based on a foundation of realism and in the interest of our citizens and our businesses". "It should be our common goal to make such a free trade agreement ambitious," he added. "All of the models remain available, as long as the UK is willing to accept the balance between rights and obligations." Speaking a day after his controversial draft treaty was published, the EU's chief negotiator stressed that he was open to "better" alternatives on the Irish border question from the UK. Barnier also urged European businesses to "analyse their exposure to the UK and [make sure they] are ready to adapt their logistics, supply chains and contracts". He reiterated his previous warning that transition was still not guaranteed and would not be until the end of the process "with the ratification of the withdrawal agreement by both sides –probably early next year".
Views: 8118 ProductiehuisEU
Commercial airlines & business aviation collaboration
 
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Sponsored by Bombardier, this panel will take a look at the role of business aviation and regional airlines in emerging markets; considering areas of growth, challenges of regulation and how cooperation and collaboration can generate successes for all stakeholders. Panelists include: Ali Al Naqbi, Founding Chairman, Middle East Business Aviation Association (MEBAA); David Edwards, Executive Vice President, Qatar Executive; Michael McAdoo, VP-Strategy and International Business Development, Bombardier Aerospace; Shane O'Hare, CEO, Royal Jet and Robert E. Smith, President, Jet Aviation Management AG, moderated by Fabricio Cojuc Wolfowitz, Executive VP, Chief Planning and Commercial Officer, Aeromar.
Michael Nelson final thoughts on national network regulation versus the global cloud
 
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This panel had a global theme, as it was the most international panel, according to Michael R. Nelson, who works on Internet-related global public policy issues for CloudFlare.
International Standards and National Application: Asylum Decision Making
 
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22-11-12 Human Rights Consortium (Refugee Law Initiative) http://www.sas.ac.uk/ http://events.sas.ac.uk/support-research/events/view/12761/International+Refugee+Law+seminar+series%3A+Country+Guidance+in+the+United+Kingdom%E2%80%99s+Upper+Tribunal International Refugee Law seminar series: International Standards and National Application: Asylum Decision Making in the United Kingdom, Strasbourg and Luxembourg Nicholas Blake was called to the Bar in 1974 and practised extensively in the field of immigration asylum free movement and human rights law until he was appointed to the High Court Bench in 2007. Since February 20102 he has been appointed President of the Upper Tribunal Immigration and Asylum Chamber that determines appeals from decisions of the First tier. This seminar will examine the inter-relationship between the common law interpretation of the Refugee Convention 1951 and the case law from the European Courts on Article 3 ECHR and EU Qualification Directive 2004. It will focus on the practical aspects of asylum determination: credibility assessment, information on country of origin, risks from non state actors, sufficiency of protection and then assessment problems created by intense but short lived periods of violence. It will consider the UK system of country guidance, the challenges it faces and how it links to the work of the international courts.
Views: 705 SchAdvStudy
Business Forum: Towards a Data Protection Regulation - Recent Developments
 
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Business forum presentation by Bernhard Schima at the European Union Studies Center at The Graduate Center on November 14, 2013. This presentation is supported by a Getting to Know Europe Grant from the European Union Delegation to the United States. Bernhard Schima is a Legal Adviser in the European Commission's Legal Service; studied law in Vienna and Paris and at Harvard Law School; from 1995 to 2003 member of the chambers of Judge Dr Peter Jann at the European Court of Justice; joined the Commission Legal Service in 2003; postdoctoral qualification to lecture in European law (Habilitation) obtained at the University of Graz in 2004; honorary professor of European Law at the Vienna University of Economics and Business (since 2010); EU Fellow at Yale University (2013-2014)
Views: 360 EuropeanUnionSC
#CultureUnderThreat: H.E. Ibrahim al-Jaafari
 
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His Excellency Ibrahim al-Jaafari, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Republic of Iraq emphasizes the collective need for saving Iraqi ancient antiquities and heritage through legal enforcement of national regulations and international conventions. At the Culture Under Threat forum held at the Asia Society headquarters in New York and hosted by the Asia Society, the Antiquities Coalition, the Middle East Institute and UNESCO, Foreign Ministers and senior government officials from around the world joined leaders of arts institutions, archaeological associations, and experts in terrorism to stop the looting and trafficking of antiquities, and halt a major source of funding for terrorism.
Energetic Armament VOX
 
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Some notes from the owners of EA! Company Background Steve Piche and Karl Edminster are both degreed engineers (S- Manufacturing Engineering, K- Electromechanical Engineering) and have operated a successful engineering business, Electromechanica, Inc. (EMI), since 2003. That business provides design, engineering & prototyping services to a wide range of commercial and government clients. EMI holds a Type 10 FFL (Mfg. of DD’s) and Type 20 FEL (Fed. Explosives Lisc.) and has done a wide range of military system & weapons development work. Karl & Steve formed a new separate company, Energetic Armament LLC, in 2017 to focus on the development & manufacture of weapons systems and components including suppressors. We ae joined by fellow engineer, Andrew DeMedeiros (electromechanical engineer) who has developed the custom CNC welding system we use to weld our cans. Vox Development Following the successful launch of the Nyx and Nyx Mod2 rimfire silencer in August 2017, we began development on the Vox centerfire silencer. Vox is Latin for Voice- the voice of your firearm. We recognized a capabilities gap in the industry- You could have a tough, high temp capable silencer but it was heavy or you could have a lightweight titanium silencer but it could not handle harsh, high temperature use. There was no offering optimized to offer a solution that was light, tough and could withstand harsh, high temperature firing. The first step was using materials science to identify a material that would meet these requirements. After assessing hundreds of potential candidate materials, that material turned out to be C300 Maraging Steel (Martensitic Aging). This nickel-cobalt-iron alloy was developed in the 50’s for military and aerospace applications. One specific application caught our attention- NASA uses this material for rocket motor casings- casings that are subjected to extreme temperatures & pressures but must be light! Further research showed that this alloy was reasonably machinable in the annealed state, easily weldable and could be heat treated to achieve extraordinary strength. After heat treat this material has a room temperature tensile strength of approximately 285ksi (thousand pounds per square inch). What’s more, this alloy maintains more strength at 1,000°F than the 17-4PH stainless, typically used in other suppressors, has a room temp. EA is the first company to ever bring this high performance material to the silencer market. C300 Maraging steel is such a high performance alloy that it is ITAR (International Traffick in Arms Regulations) controlled and is closely monitored by the US State Department and DoD as it is used in uranium centrifuges and other sought after weapons components. The ultra-high strength of this material allowed us to develop a silencer design that was incredibly light but did not sacrifice capability. The walls and baffles were engineered to optimize strength-to-weight allowing rating up to 300RUM and no barrel length restriction. Further, thinner walls give the Vox nearly 10% more internal volume than similar competitor’s silencers. Added volume and surface area allow better heat transfer and internal gas expansion- this means a quieter can! Thanks for all the support! Now it's time for you to win! Visit www.patreon.com/nfareview to join the Winners Circle! Promo Codes & Current Active Channel Sponsors: Freedom Munitions (Code NFAREVIEW) ShootSteel (Code NFAREVIEW) RubberDummies (Code NFAREVIEW) Holosun (Buy from optics planet and use code NFAREVIEW) ThePelicanStore (Code NFAREVIEW) Cole-Tac (Code NFAREVIEW) Optics Planet (Code NFAREVIEW) TekMat (Code NFAREVIEW) BrazenFirearms (Code NFAREVIEW) AirGun Depot (Code NFAREVIEW) To follow along on social media checkout these links! Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/nfareviewchannel Instagram: http://www.instagram.com/nfareview YouTube: http://www.youtube.com/nfareviewchann... Full30: http://www.full30.com/channels/nfareview Note: I have full rights to use music in this video. It was purchased on Audiojungle. I also own full rights to intro song and animation. Full Disclosure: I am reimbursed for my time spent testing and evaluating these products. The payment is to serve as reimbursement for time spent driving to and from the range, ammo, shooting, filming time, and editing time. In no way do I let the monetary exchange influence my opinion on the product. My reviews are based on what the product can do and not what I think of it which keeps the video as factual as possible. If I happen to express an obvious liking for a product, it's because I truly like how it performed, not because I was paid. I've yet to be approached by ANY manufacture that would want a "fluff piece" video. In fact they request just the opposite, hence my T&E designation. I test, give them my findings, and release a video on the product. I wanted to be forthcoming to all my subscribers so nobody is left in the dark. As always, thanks for watching!
Views: 498123 NFA Review Channel
The corporate responsibility to respect human rights: Damiano de Felice at TEDxLSE 2013
 
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Damiano is a PhD student in International Relations at the London School of Economics and his research focuses on the relationship between international financial flows and human rights protection. While in his PhD thesis he aims at explaining variation in the adoption of human rights conditionality by the development agencies of European Union Member States, Damiano also studies the (positive and negative) human rights impacts of business activities. In this respect, he works as a Research Assistant at the LSE Sustainable Finance Project and he is Coordinator of "Business and Human Rights in Italy" (a research project which advises the Italian government on the adoption of a National Action Plan to implement the United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights). Damiano was the organiser of a one-day Research Workshop on business and human rights at LSE (http://tinyurl.com/ccb3mxl) and will convene an entire Section on business and human rights at the 2013 Annual Conference of the European Consortium of Political Research. Damiano is also a World Economic Forum Global Shaper and a former editor of Millennium: Journal of International Studies. In the spirit of ideas worth spreading, TEDx is a program of local, self-organized events that bring people together to share a TED-like experience. At a TEDx event, TEDTalks video and live speakers combine to spark deep discussion and connection in a small group. These local, self-organized events are branded TEDx, where x = independently organized TED event. The TED Conference provides general guidance for the TEDx program, but individual TEDx events are self-organized.* (*Subject to certain rules and regulations)
Views: 7067 TEDx Talks
18. Monetary Policy
 
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Financial Markets (2011) (ECON 252) To begin the lecture, Professor Shiller explores the origins of central banking, from the goldsmith bankers in the United Kingdom to the founding of the Bank of England in 1694, which was a private institution that created stability in the U.K. financial system by requiring other banks to have deposits in it. Turning his attention to the U.S., Professor Shiller outlines the evolution of its banking system from the Suffolk System, via the National Banking era, to the founding of the Federal Reserve System in 1913. After presenting approaches to central banking in the European Union and in Japan, he emphasizes the federal funds rate, targeted by the Federal Open Market Committee, as well as the recent change to pay interest on reserve balances at the Federal Reserve, enacted by the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act from 2008, as important tools of U.S. monetary policy. After elaborating on reserve requirements, which are liability-based restrictions, and capital requirements, which are asset-based, he provides a simple, illustrative example that delivers an important intuition about the difficulties that banks have faced during the recent crisis from 2007-2008. This leads to Professor Shiller's concluding remarks about regulatory approaches to the prevention of future banking crises. 00:00 - Chapter 1. The Origins of Central Banking: The Bank of England 06:27 - Chapter 2. The Suffolk System and the National Banking Era in the U.S. 12:08 - Chapter 3. The Founding of the Federal Reserve System 25:46 - Chapter 4. The Move to Make Central Banks Independent 30:49 - Chapter 5. U.S. Monetary Policy: Federal Funds Rate and Reserve Requirements 45:23 - Chapter 6. Capital Requirements, Basel III and Rating Agencies 52:34 - Chapter 7. Capital Requirements and Reserve Requirements in the Context of a Simple Example 01:05:30 - Chapter 8. Capital Requirements to Stabilize the Financial System in Crisis Times Complete course materials are available at the Yale Online website: online.yale.edu This course was recorded in Spring 2011.
Views: 91678 YaleCourses
The Industrial Economy: Crash Course US History #23
 
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In which John Green teaches you about the Industrial Economy that arose in the United States after the Civil War. You know how when you're studying history, and you're reading along and everything seems safely in the past, and then BOOM you think, "Man, this suddenly seems very modern." For me, that moment in US History is the post-Reconstruction expansion of industrialism in America. After the Civil War, many of the changes in technology and ideas gave rise to this new industrialism. You'll learn about the rise of Captains of Industry (or Robber Barons) like Cornelius Vanderbilt, Andrew Carnegie, John D Rockefeller, and JP Morgan. You'll learn about trusts, combinations, and how the government responded to these new business practices. All this, plus John will cover how workers reacted to the changes in society and the early days of the labor movement. You'll learn about the Knights of Labor and Terence Powderly, and Samuel Gompers and the AFL. As a special bonus, someone gets beaten with a cane. AGAIN. What is it with American History and people getting beaten with canes? Support CrashCourse on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/crashcourse
Views: 1770205 CrashCourse
How The Stock Exchange Works (For Dummies)
 
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Why are there stocks at all? Everyday in the news we hear about the stock exchange, stocks and money moving around the globe. Still, a lot of people don't have an idea why we have stock markets at all, because the topic is usually very dry. We made a short video about the basics of the stock exchanges. With robots. Robots are kewl! Short videos, explaining things. For example Evolution, the Universe, the Stock Market or controversial topics like Fracking. Because we love science. We would love to interact more with you, our viewers to figure out what topics you want to see. If you have a suggestion for future videos or feedback, drop us a line! :) We're a bunch of Information designers from munich, visit us on facebook or behance to say hi! https://www.facebook.com/Kurzgesagt https://www.behance.net/kurzgesagt How the Stock Exchange works Help us caption & translate this video! http://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_panel?c=UCsXVk37bltHxD1rDPwtNM8Q&tab=2
A brighter future through indigenous prosperity: Gabrielle Scrimshaw at TEDxToronto
 
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The fifth annual TEDxToronto conference took place on September 26, 2013 at The Royal Conservatory of Music. For our 2013 TEDxToronto Conference, all talks, performances and demos were rooted in our selected theme, "The Choices We Make." About the Speaker: Gabrielle Scrimshaw is a young professional with a passion to create social impact. Born and raised in Saskatchewan, Gabrielle is a member of the Hatchet Lake First Nation. She has studied international business and policy in Australasia, Asia, the Americas and Europe. Gabrielle became the youngest Associate accepted into one of Canada's most competitive post-graduate finance programs. Most recently Gabrielle co-founded a national not-for-profit for Aboriginal Professionals and was named the 2013 First Nations Youth Achiever by Indspire. For more information visit www.tedxtoronto.com In the spirit of ideas worth spreading, TEDx is a program of local, self-organized events that bring people together to share a TED-like experience. At a TEDx event, TEDTalks video and live speakers combine to spark deep discussion and connection in a small group. These local, self-organized events are branded TEDx, where x = independently organized TED event. The TED Conference provides general guidance for the TEDx program, but individual TEDx events are self-organized.* (*Subject to certain rules and regulations)
Views: 36601 TEDx Talks
Herb Lin: What are the challenges of cyber security from an international policy standpoint?
 
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Herb Lin talks about some of the issues at the intersection of international security and cyber policy in a world where there are few norms of international law governing the online world. Lin is senior research scholar for cyber policy and security at the Center for International Security and Cooperation and Hank J. Holland Fellow at the Hoover Institution, both at Stanford University. “Under what circumstances are we allowed to conduct offensive operations in cyberspace? Well, it turns out there is no international law that prohibits the gathering of intelligence, none.”
Global Business Accelerator Programme: Cell and Gene Therapy trip to Japan
 
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Cell and gene therapy has become a priority area for the Japanese government. Japan is focused on the need to collaborate with the national and international industry to pursue the commercialisation of new scientific discoveries. This, in parallel with the implementation of the New Japanese Regulatory Frameworks for Clinical Research and Marketing Authorisation of Gene Therapy and Cellular Therapy Products speeding up getting products to the market and facilitating the understanding of regulations by foreign operators promoting translational cooperation, makes Japan an attractive market in this field. Licensing, partnering, outsourcing, development and commercialisation opportunities abound, but collaboration is absolutely critical to the success of each one. Subscribe to our YouTube channel here: https://www.youtube.com/user/Innovate... Keep up with the latest updates in the world of technology and science here: https://twitter.com/innovateuk
Views: 96 Innovate UK
The real reason American health care is so expensive
 
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Hint: single-payer won’t fix America’s health care spending. Subscribe to our channel! http://goo.gl/0bsAjO Americans don't drive up the price by consuming more health care. They don't visit the doctor more than other developed countries: http://international.commonwealthfund.org/stats/annual_physician_visits/ But the price we pay for that visit - for a procedure - it costs way more: http://static1.squarespace.com/static/518a3cfee4b0a77d03a62c98/t/57d3ca9529687f1a257e9e26/1473497751062/2015+Comparative+Price+Report+09.09.16.pdf The price you pay for the same procedure, at the same hospital, may vary enormously depending on what kind of health insurance you have in the US. That's because of bargaining power. Government programs, like Medicare and Medicaid, can ask for a lower price from health service providers because they have the numbers: the hospital has to comply or else risk losing the business of millions of Americans. There are dozens of private health insurance providers in the United States and they each need to bargain for prices with hospitals and doctors. The numbers of people private insurances represent are much less than the government programs. That means a higher price when you go to the doctor or fill a prescription. Uninsured individuals have the least bargaining power. Without any insurance, you will pay the highest price. For more health care policy content, check out The Impact, a podcast about the human consequences of policy-making. https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/the-impact/id1294325824?mt=2 Vox.com is a news website that helps you cut through the noise and understand what's really driving the events in the headlines. Check out http://www.vox.com to get up to speed on everything from Kurdistan to the Kim Kardashian app. Check out our full video catalog: http://goo.gl/IZONyE Follow Vox on Twitter: http://goo.gl/XFrZ5H Or on Facebook: http://goo.gl/U2g06o
Views: 2465884 Vox
The Causes and Effects of the Financial Crisis 2008
 
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Found this super informative and useful video on The Crisis of Credit visualized by Jonathan Jarvis Please check out their website: http://cashmoneylife.com/economic-financial-crisis-2008-causes/ P.S. I do not own this video, just sharing..
Views: 847396 Vivien Yeow
The FDA and the Pharmaceutical Industry
 
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Carpenter, author of Reputation and Power:Organizational Image and Pharmaceutical Regulation at the FDA will join us to discuss the FDA and the pharmaceutical industry. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration is the most powerful regulatory agency in the world. How did the FDA become so influential? And how exactly does it wield its extraordinary power? Carpenter traces the history of FDA regulation of pharmaceuticals, revealing how the agency's organizational reputation has been the primary source of its power, yet also one of its ultimate constraints. Sponsored by the USC Bedrosian Center as part of it's on-going Governance Salons. Daniel Carpenter is Allie S. Freed Professor of Government and Director of the Center for American Political Studies in the Faculty of Arts and Sciences at Harvard University. For the 2011-2012 academic year, he is a Walter Channing Cabot Faculty Fellow at Harvard, and a visiting researcher at the Institut d'Études Politiques at the Université de Strasbourg in France. He graduated from Georgetown University in 1989 with distinction in Honors Government and received his doctorate in political science from the University of Chicago in 1996. He taught previously at Princeton University (1995-1998) and the University of Michigan (1998-2002). He joined the Harvard University faculty in 2002. Dr. Carpenter mixes theoretical, historical, statistical and mathematical analyses to examine the development of political institutions, particularly in the United States. He focuses upon public bureaucracies and government regulation, particularly regulation of health and financial products. His dissertation received the 1998 Harold D. Lasswell Award from the American Political Science Association and as a book - The Forging of Bureaucratic Autonomy: Reputations, Networks and Policy Innovation in Executive Agencies, 1862-1928 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2001) - was awarded the APSA's Gladys Kammerer Prize as well as the Charles Levine Prize of the International Political Science Association. His recently published book on pharmaceutical regulation in the United States is entitled Reputation and Power: Organizational Image and Pharmaceutical Regulation at the FDA (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2010), and has received the 2011 Allan Sharlin Memorial Award from the Social Science History Association. Professor Carpenter has held fellowships from the John Simon Guggenheim Foundation, the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, the Brookings Institution and the Santa Fe Institute. He has received grants from the National Endowment for the Humanities, the National Science Foundation, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (Scholars in Health Policy 1998-2000, Investigator Award in Health Policy Research 2004-2007), the Alfred Sloan Foundation, the Russell Sage Foundation and the Safra Center for Ethics. In the past few years, Professor Carpenter is the winner of both the 2011 Herbert Simon Award of the Midwest Political Science Association for a scholar "who has made a significant career contribution to the scientific study of bureaucracy", as well as the 2011 David Collier Award of the American Political Science Association for career contributions to qualitative and multi-method research. In addition to his ongoing teaching and scholarship on the political economy of government regulation and health, Professor Carpenter has recently launched a long-term project on petitioning in North American political development, examining comparisons and connections to petitioning histories in Europe and India. He hopes to draw upon the millions of petitions in local, state and federal archives to create an educational, genealogical and scholarly resource for citizens, students and scholars.
Views: 38399 USC Price
uestion 1
National Ladder Company is subject to regulations issued by
 
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uestion 1 National Ladder Company is subject to regulations issued by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). Like other federal administrative agencies, the OSHA was created by Choose one answer. a. Congress, through enabling legislation. b. the Federal Trade Commission, through the rulemaking process. c. the president, through an executive order. d. the U.S. Department of Labor, through a final order. Question 2 Nursing Home Care Company is charged with violating a rule of the Social Security Administration. Most likely, Nursing Home Care will be required to appear at a hearing presided over by a. a federal appellate court judge. b. a federal district court judge. c. an administrative law judge. d. a U.S. Marshal. Question 3 Edgy Engine Components, Inc., a maker of vehicle parts, refuses to sell to Fidgety Fix-It, Inc., a national vehicle service firm. Edgy Engine convinces Greasy Motor Parts Company, a competitor, to do the same. This is a. a group boycott. b. a market division. c. a joint venture. d. an exclusive-dealing contract. Question 4 Enterprising Business Corporation may be engaging in conduct that violates the Sherman Act. To bring an action against the firm under this statute requires that its conduct substantially affect a. any commerce. b. international commerce. c. interstate commerce. d. intrastate commerce.
The National RV Trade Show - Time Lapse
 
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The National RV Trade Show is the only place you can see all of the latest models from 30+ manufacturers (representing 95% of U.S. production) and best, new products from 200+ suppliers--all in one place! And it’s the only RV event that offers this much exposure, insight and opportunity: • Get an up-close, hands-on view of all of the latest RV models and most innovative products and features on the market • Gain new insights on best practices and strategies for your business—everything from optimizing your website and building your brand to asset protection and compliance with regulations • Grow key relationships for moving your business forward by connecting with fellow dealers, store owners and campground operators as well as manufacturers, suppliers and service providers RV dealers, accessory and parts store owners, repair shop owners and campground operators get more out of attending the National RV Trade Show than any other industry event—and that is especially true this year.
Views: 1586 RVIACommunications
How to Check Passport is ECR or ECNR in Hindi | By Ishan
 
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How to Check Passport is ECR or ECNR in Hindi | By Ishan ECR passport and ECNR passport are currently hot Topic in India. many people don’t know what is ECR passport and ECNR passport. or how to check, my passport is ECR passport or ECNR? Now it’s very important to know your passport categories to avoid any type of inconvenience during your flight. What is ECR passport – ECR full form is (Emigration Check Required). If you are not passed class 10th. Then your passport will come in ECR (Emigration Check Required) categories. It means you have to get clearance from immigration office every time when you are going out of India. In ECR passport, one stamp will be inside on your passport page. In stamp, it’s clearly written ECR (Emigration Check Required). If your passport status is ECR then you have to get clearance from immigration office for following countries 1.Saudi Arabia, 2.Qatar, 3.UAE, 4.Oman, 5.Kuwait, 6.Afghanistan, 7.Bahrain, 8.Brunei, 9.Indonesia, 10.Malaysia, 11.Iraq, 12.Jordan, 13.Lebanon, 14.Libya, 15.Sudan, 16.Syria, 17.Yemen. if you are traveling to any of the above countries for purposes other than employment (ex- visit, business, and any other purpose), you don’t require emigration clearance. What is ECNR passport – ECNR full form is (Emigration Check not Required). If you are a graduate or 10th pass, as you given details during applying for passport. So your default status will be ECNR. It means those persons who have ECNR passport, no need to get clearance from immigration office every time when he/she is going out of India. On October 1, 2007, Government of India abolished ECRS suspension. If Applicant is ineligible for ECNR then ECR (Emigration Check Required) is being stamped on his/her passport by Government of India. An applicant will be eligible for non-ECR status if the applicant falls in any one of the following categories and provides documentary proof thereof: a) All holders of Diplomatic/Official passports b) All Gazetted Government servants, their spouses and dependent children c) All persons having educational qualification of matriculation (pass) and above d) All persons above the age of 50 years e) All children up to the age of 18 years wishing to obtain short validity passport. (For re-issue of passport, after they attain the age of 18 years, documents to prove their Non-ECR category have to be submitted, else ECR stamping will be done) f) All children between 15 and 18 years of age wishing to obtain full validity passport of 10 years have to submit documents to prove their Non-ECR category, else ECR stamping will be done. g) Income-Tax payers (including Agricultural Income-Tax payees) in their individual capacity, their spouses and dependent children. Following documents have to be submitted: Proof of assessment of income tax and actual payment of income tax for last one year; or Income Tax return statement (with income tax being paid by the applicant) for last one year that is stamped by income tax authorities and a copy of the PAN card. Applicants submitting NIL income tax return statements are not eligible. h) Persons possessing two years diploma from any institute recognized by the National Council for Vocational Training (NCVT) or State Council of Vocational Training (SCVT), or persons holding three years diploma/equivalent degree from institutions, such as Polytechnics recognized by the Central/State Governments of India. i) Nurses possessing qualifications recognized under the Indian Nursing Council Act, 1947. j) All professional degree holders, their spouses and dependent children. Examples of professional degree holders are Doctors holding MBBS degree or equivalent degree in Ayurved or Homeopathy, accredited Journalists, Engineers, Chartered Accountants, Cost Accountants, Lecturers, Teachers, Scientists, Advocates, etc. k) All persons who have been staying abroad for more than three years (the period of three years may or may not be continuous) and their spouses. For the purpose of verification, spouse name should be endorsed on each others passport. l) Seamen who are in possession of Continuous Discharge Certificate (CDC), or Sea Cadets and Deck Cadets – Keep Supporting Us :- Website : https://www.ishanllb.com/ Website : http://www.eisarahi.com/ Email : [email protected] Facebook Official : https://www.facebook.com/eisarahiofficial Facebook Page : https://www.facebook.com/IshanLLB/ Twitter : https://twitter.com/ishanllb Tags:-how to check passport is ecr or ecnr,how to change ecr to ecnr in indian passport,ecnr passport image,ecr passport,what is ecr category passport,ecr countries,ecnr check yes or no,emigration check required for visit visa,How to Check Passport is ECR or ECNR in Hindi,ecr aur ecnr passport kya hai,ecr passport kya hai,ecr passport ke kya nuksan hai,ecr passport ko kaise pahchane,passport me ecr ecnr kya hai,ecr passport kaisa hota hai,ecnr passport ke kya fayde hai
Views: 189641 ISHAN LLB
Market Failures, Taxes, and Subsidies: Crash Course Economics #21
 
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This week on Crash Course Econ, Jacob and Adriene are talking about failure. Specifically, we're talking about market failures. When markets don't provide a good or service efficiently, that's a market failure. When markets fail, often governments step in to provide those services. Stuff like public education or military protection are good examples of market failures. So, what are some of the ways governments address, market failures? Well, it's funny you should ask, as we also talk about that in this episode. We'll get into taxes and subsidies and externalities and a bunch of other important stuff this week on Crash Course Econ. Crash Course is on Patreon! You can support us directly by signing up at http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse Thanks to the following Patrons for their generous monthly contributions that help keep Crash Course free for everyone forever: Mark, Eric Kitchen, Jessica Wode, Jeffrey Thompson, Steve Marshall, Moritz Schmidt, Robert Kunz, Tim Curwick, Jason A Saslow, SR Foxley, Elliot Beter, Jacob Ash, Christian, Jan Schmid, Jirat, Christy Huddleston, Daniel Baulig, Chris Peters, Anna-Ester Volozh, Ian Dundore, Caleb Weeks -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 527292 CrashCourse
The most important language you will EVER learn | Poet Ali | TEDxOrangeCoast
 
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This talk was given at a local TEDx event, produced independently of the TED Conferences. Do you speak this language? Do you share the experience? These are questions that Poet Ali masterfully tries to answer in an original narrative. This talk explains why we should all learn the most important language that unites us all. Credits: Pictures and media are creative common or belong to the speaker Poet Ali is a Motivational Speaker, Actor, Writer, and Hip Hop Troubadour. He has used his voice and talents to be an advocate for many causes. He has toured global stages in Italy, Spain, the U.K., the Middle East, the Caribbean, and the U.S. As a Motivational Speaker he has been invited to share his talents at multiple national and international conferences and the TED talk stage. He has had many careers: Dancer/Choreographer, Editorial Writer, DJ, Percussionist, Hip Hop Artist, Actor, Teacher, Entrepreneur, Performer, and Speaker. Poet is currently on tour reaching out to the youth through his music, empowerment, and activism and owns a Production Studio in Long Beach, California where he works with Artists, Producers, and Writers from all over the world. Find out much more and join him at: http://www.PoetAli.com About TEDx, x = independently organized event In the spirit of ideas worth spreading, TEDx is a program of local, self-organized events that bring people together to share a TED-like experience. At a TEDx event, TEDTalks video and live speakers combine to spark deep discussion and connection in a small group. These local, self-organized events are branded TEDx, where x = independently organized TED event. The TED Conference provides general guidance for the TEDx program, but individual TEDx events are self-organized.* (*Subject to certain rules and regulations)
Views: 810082 TEDx Talks
Who Is In Charge of the Internet? The Role of International Institutions
 
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The Honorable Meredith Broadbent, United States International Trade Commission Laura DeNardis, American University Wolfgang Kopf, Deutsche Telekom The Honorable Michael O'Rielly, Federal Communications Commission Will Hudson, Google David Gross (moderator), Wiley Rein LLP The TPI Aspen Forum event gathers leaders from business, government and academia to discuss and debate key public policy issues affecting innovation, technology, and communications. ​ Since 2010, more than 850 policymakers and thought leaders have convened at the St. Regis resort for provocative discussions and riveting keynotes on topics including U.S. competitiveness and innovation, broadband penetration, and entertainment distribution models, to name a few. Each year’s agenda touches on timely themes and pertinent issues driving public policy and regulatory decisions and how they may affect tech, communications and content industries. The depth of discussions, featuring both industry leaders and academic experts, makes the event a unique experience. ​ The new administration and Congress are reconsidering longstanding regulatory, tax, and international policies, among others, with potentially far-reaching consequences. These potential policy shifts could affect the landscape for the technology and communications sectors as well as the broader U.S. and global business environment. How will these changes influence emerging technologies such as artificial intelligence and investment in new communications networks like 5G? More broadly, what will be the effect on innovation and economic growth? ​ Panels and speakers will discuss these and other related issues at the Technology Policy Institute’s Aspen Forum.