What are the sources of International public law? Le droit international expliqué | Quelles sont les sources du droit international? By Hesham Elrafei https://www.linkedin.com/in/heshamelrafei Overview of the sources of international public law as stated in Article 38 of the international court of justice ICJ statute : treaty, customary law, courts decisions, jurisprudence and law principles. Sources of International Law , explained , simplified and visualized. Les sources du droit international public مصادر القانون الدولي وفقال لمادة 38 من النظام الأساسي لمحكمة العدل الدولية 1 What are the sources of international law? 2 The term ‘source of law’ refer to legal rules governing the international community. 3 Unlike national laws , where sources of law are specified in a norm superior to laws and regulations, usually a constitution, no such norm exists in international law. 4 The International Court of Justice, stipulated a catalogue of sources of international law, which is used when deciding legal disputes submitted before the world court. 5 the first source is international treaties, whether a general or particular treaty, a bilateral ,regional or multinational one, 6 a treaty is a binding international agreement. by which the countries are obliged to observe their contractual obligations. 7 the 2nd source is customary law. At the outset, international law was mainly constituted by customs. 8 which is by its nature, universal, whereas treaty law binds the parties to these treaties only 9 International custom consists of 2 elements: First is State practice, which means What generally States Do and Say. 10 Oppinio Juris is the 2nd element of customary law. It means that the state practice, has to be accepted as law, by the other states. 11 In addition to treaties and customs, other sources exist, such as Judicial decisions , juristic writings and general principles of law. 12 while they are not formal sources , they can still play an important role as an evidence of the law.
Views: 150021 Hesham Elrafei
What is STATE RESPONSIBILITY? What does STATE RESPONSIBILITY mean? STATE RESPONSIBILITY meaning - STATE RESPONSIBILITY definition - STATE RESPONSIBILITY explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. SUBSCRIBE to our Google Earth flights channel - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC6UuCPh7GrXznZi0Hz2YQnQ The laws of state responsibility are the principles governing when and how a state is held responsible for a breach of an international obligation. Rather than set forth any particular obligations, the rules of state responsibility determine, in general, when an obligation has been breached and the legal consequences of that violation. In this way they are "secondary" rules that address basic issues of responsibility and remedies available for breach of "primary" or substantive rules of international law, such as with respect to the use of armed force. Because of this generality, the rules can be studied independently of the primary rules of obligation. They establish (1) the conditions of actions to qualify as internationally wrongful, (2) the circumstances under which actions of officials, private individuals and other entities may be attributed to the state, (3) general defences to liability and (4) the consequences of liability. Until recently, the theory of the law of state responsibility was not well developed. The position has now changed, with the adoption of the Draft Articles on the Responsibility of States for Internationally Wrongful Acts ("Draft Articles") by the International Law Commission (ILC) in August 2001. The Draft Articles are a combination of codification and progressive development. They have already been cited by the International Court of Justice and have generally been well received. Although the articles are general in coverage, they do not necessarily apply in all cases. Particular treaty regimes, such as the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade and the European Convention on Human Rights, have established their own special rules of responsibility.
Views: 2296 The Audiopedia
Public international law concerns the structure and conduct of sovereign states; analogous entities, such as the Holy See; and intergovernmental organizations. To a lesser degree, international law also may affect multinational corporations and individuals, an impact increasingly evolving beyond domestic legal interpretation and enforcement. Public international law has increased in use and importance vastly over the twentieth century, due to the increase in global trade, environmental deterioration on a worldwide scale, awareness of human rights violations, rapid and vast increases in international transportation and a boom in global communications. The field of study combines two main branches: the law of nations (jus gentium) and international agreements and conventions (jus inter gentes). This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 25042 Audiopedia
A comprehensive online resource containing over 1600 peer-reviewed articles on every aspect of public international law, making it the definitive reference work in the discipline. http://opil.ouplaw.com/home/EPIL Written and edited by an incomparable team of over 800 scholars and practitioners, published in partnership with the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law, and updated throughout the year, this major reference work is essential for anyone researching or teaching international law. Discover more at http://opil.ouplaw.com/home/EPIL (c) Oxford University Press
Views: 1050 Oxford Academic (Oxford University Press)
The Responsibility of International Organizations and the International Law Commission: A Conversation between Professors Georg Nolte, member of the International Law Commission, and José E. Alvarez, NYU The responsibility of international organizations has been an important concern of the international community for some years. In 2011, the International Law Commission adopted the "Draft Articles on Responsibility of International Organizations." These articles will be debated in the UN General Assembly's Sixth Committee. In addition, cases before the European Court of Justice and the European Court of Human Rights (in particular Kadi/Behrami/Al-Skeini/Al-Jedda) have raised significant questions about the human rights obligations of the United Nations as well as member states cooperating with UN actions. Such questions have arisen in the course of implementing UN sanctions or undertaking UN peacekeeping operations. Have the ILC and international judges asked the right questions and reached the right answers with respect to allocating responsibility on the UN? What is the International Law Commission's role in resolving such issues? Prof. Georg Nolte, member of the International Law Commission, and Prof. J.E. Alvarez, the Herbert and Rose Rubin Professor of Law at NYU School of Law, addressed these issues in the form of a conversation at New York University School of Law.
Views: 9225 NYU School of Law
ASIL's New Professionals Interest Group hosts a luncheon panel to discuss what qualities constitute great international law scholarship. The panel consists of American Journal of International Law (AJIL) editors Dinah Shelton and David P. Stewart, as well as Journal Managing Editor Julie Furgerson.
Views: 1662 asil1906
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Public international law 00:00:58 1 History 00:04:20 2 International relations 00:08:00 2.1 Treaties 00:10:23 2.2 Statehood and responsibility 00:15:52 2.3 Territory and the sea 00:17:16 2.4 International organisations 00:17:43 3 Social and economic policy 00:18:21 3.1 Human rights 00:18:53 3.2 Labour law 00:19:38 3.3 Development and finance 00:19:53 3.4 Environmental law 00:20:04 3.5 Trade 00:20:15 4 Conflict and force 00:20:24 4.1 War and armed conflict 00:20:45 4.2 Humanitarian law 00:21:33 4.3 International criminal law 00:21:50 5 Courts and enforcement 00:23:57 5.1 Domestic enforcement 00:25:28 5.2 International bodies 00:30:46 5.3 International courts 00:31:20 5.4 East Africa Community 00:31:44 5.5 Union of South American Nations 00:32:09 5.6 Andean Community of Nations 00:32:42 6 International legal theory 00:36:11 6.1 Terminology 00:38:09 7 Criticisms 00:41:05 8 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= International law is the set of rules generally regarded and accepted in relations between nations. It serves as a framework for the practice of stable and organized international relations. International law differs from state-based legal systems in that it is primarily applicable to countries rather than to individual citizens. National law may become international law when treaties permit national jurisdiction to supranational tribunals such as the European Court of Human Rights or the International Criminal Court. Treaties such as the Geneva Conventions may require national law to conform to respective parts. International law is consent-based governance. This means that a state member may choose to not abide by international law, and even to break its treaty. This is an issue of state sovereignty. International laws are consent-based. Violations of customary international law and peremptory norms (jus cogens) can lead to wars.
Views: 2 wikipedia tts
View full lesson: http://ed.ted.com/lessons/what-are-the-universal-human-rights-benedetta-berti The basic idea of human rights is that each one of us, no matter who we are or where we are born, is entitled to the same basic rights and freedoms. That may sound straightforward enough, but it gets incredibly complicated as soon as anyone tries to put the idea into practice. What exactly are the basic human rights? Who gets to pick them? Who enforces them—and how? Benedetta Berti explores the subtleties of human rights. Lesson by Benedetta Berti, animation by Sarah Saidan.
Views: 832062 TED-Ed
The United Nations is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international co-operation and to create and maintain international order. In this lesson we learn in details about the United Nations and its organs namely - Security Council, Economic Council and Social Council. Must watch for all. Watch to learn more. Important for UPSC aspirants. You can find the entire course here: https://goo.gl/PGLkFA Download the Unacademy Learning App from the Google Play Store here:- https://goo.gl/02OhYI Discuss the course with fellow aspirants here:- https://goo.gl/BXtjUQ
Views: 200577 Unacademy
Yes, even wars have laws. To find out more, visit http://therulesofwar.org ******** Rules of War in a Nutshell - script Since the beginning, humans have resorted to violence as a way to settle disagreements. Yet through the ages, people from around the world have tried to limit the brutality of war. It was this humanitarian spirit that led to the First Geneva Convention of 1864,and to the birth of modern International Humanitarian Law. Setting the basic limits on how wars can be fought, these universal laws of war protect those not fighting, as well as those no longer able to. To do this, a distinction must always be made between who or what may be attacked, and who or what must be spared and protected. - CIVILIANS - Most importantly, civilians can never be targeted. To do so is a war crime. “When they drove into our village, they shouted that they were going to kill everyone. I was so scared, I ran to hide in the bush. I heard my mother screaming. I thought I would never see her again.” Every possible care must be taken to avoid harming civilians or destroying things essential for their survival. They have a right to receive the help they need. - DETAINEES - “The conditions prisoners lived in never used to bother me. People like him were the reason my brother was dead. He was the enemy and was nothing to me. But then I realized that behind bars, he was out of action and no longer a threat to me or my family.” The laws of war prohibit torture and other ill-treatment of detainees, whatever their past. They must be given food and water and allowed to communicate with loved ones. This preserves their dignity and keeps them alive. - SICK & WOUNDED - Medical workers save lives, sometimes in the most dangerous conditions. “Several fighters from both sides had been critically wounded in a fierce battle and we were taking them to the closest hospital. At a checkpoint, a soldier threatened us, demanding that we only treat his men. Time was running out and I was afraid they were all going to die.” Medical workers must always be allowed to do their job and the Red Cross or Red Crescent must not be attacked. The sick or wounded have a right to be cared for, regardless of whose side they are on. - LIMITS TO WARFARE - Advances in weapons technology has meant that the rules of war have also had to adapt. Because some weapons and methods of warfare don't distinguish between fighters and civilians, limits on their use have been agreed. In the future, wars may be fought with fully autonomous robots. But will such robots ever have the ability to distinguish between a military target and someone who must never be attacked? No matter how sophisticated weapons become it is essential that they are in line with the rules of war. International Humanitarian Law is all about making choices that preserve a minimum of human dignity in times of war, and makes sure that living together again is possible once the last bullet has been shot.
Views: 5023298 International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)
✪✪✪✪✪ WORK FROM HOME! Looking for WORKERS for simple Internet data entry JOBS. $15-20 per hour. SIGN UP here - http://jobs.theaudiopedia.com ✪✪✪✪✪ What is LAW OF THE SEA? What does LAW OF THE SEA mean? LAW OF THE SEA meaning - LAW OF THE SEA definition - LAW OF THE SEA explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. Law of the Sea is a body of international law that concerns the principles and rules by which public entities, especially states, interact in maritime matters, including navigational rights, sea mineral rights, and coastal waters jurisdiction. It is the public law counterpart to admiralty law, which concerns private maritime intercourse. The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, or "UNCLOS", concluded in 1982 and put into force in 1994, is generally accepted as a codification of customary international law of the sea. Disputes are resolved at the International Tribunal of the Law of the Sea (or "ITLOS"), a court in Hamburg. In 2017, ITLOS celebrated 20 years of existence, during which time it had settled some 25 cases. The Tribunal has jurisdiction over all disputes concerning the interpretation or application of the Convention, subject to the provisions of article 297 and to the declarations made in accordance with article 298 of the Convention. The judge are derived from a wide variety of nations. With many people worldwide now turning their eyes to an ocean in peril, the Law of the Sea convention turned into a global diplomatic effort to create a basis of laws and principles for all nations to follow concerning the sea and everything it held. The result: A 1982 oceanic constitution, called the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. Between New York, USA and Geneva, Switzerland, ambassadors from 165+ countries sat down to trade and barter for their nations' rights. The conference created the standard for a 12-mile territorial sea around a land and allowed it to gain universal acceptance. Within these limits, states are free to enforce any of their own laws or regulations or use any resources. Furthermore, each signatory coastal state is granted an Exclusive Economic Zone (or "EEZ"), in which that state has exclusive rights to fisheries, mineral rights and sea-floor deposits. The Convention allows for "innocent passage" through both territorial waters and the EEZ, meaning merchant ships do not have to avoid such waters, provided they do not do any harm to the country or break any of its laws. Military ships do NOT have the right to pass through another nation's EEZ unless permission is granted. This can cause difficulties for Russia, whose Baltic fleet and Black Sea fleet do not have unobstructed access to the great oceans. By contrast, the USA (which is not a signatory to UNCLOS) has free access to the Atlantic, Pacific and Arctic oceans, and to the Gulf of Mexico. Because the EEZ is so extensive, ITLOS may need to determine the ocean boundaries between states, as they did in 2012 between Bangladesh and Burma (Myanmar). As the Arctic Ocean becomes increasingly important for both navigation and resources, the USA may find it necessary to submit to UNCLOS to clarify the Alaska/Canada border. The Law of the Sea should be distinguished from Maritime Law, which deals with topics such as law of carriage of goods by sea, salvage, collisions, marine insurance and so on. In maritime law disputes, normally at least one party is a private litigant, such an individual or a corporation.
Views: 23889 The Audiopedia
The Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties is a treaty concerning the international law on treaties between states. It was adopted on 22 May 1969 and opened for signature on 23 May 1969. The Convention entered into force on 27 January 1980. The VCLT has been ratified by 114 states as of April 2014. Some countries that have not ratified the Convention, such as the United States, recognize parts of it as a restatement of customary law and binding upon them as such. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 23435 Audiopedia
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: History of international law 00:01:08 1 Early history 00:02:51 2 Nation-states 00:04:33 3 Hugo Grotius 00:06:26 4 Treaty of Westphalia 00:09:50 5 The League of Nations 00:10:57 6 The postwar era 00:12:19 7 Modern customary international law 00:13:51 8 Modern treaty law 00:15:50 9 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The history of international law examines the evolution and development of public international law in both state practice and conceptual understanding. Modern international law developed out of Renaissance Europe and is strongly entwined with the development of western political organisation at that time. The development of European notions of sovereignty and nation states would necessitate the development of methods for interstate relations and standards of behaviour, and these would lay the foundations of what would become international law. However, while the origins of the modern system of international law can be traced back 400 years, the development of the concepts and practises that would underpin that system can be traced back to ancient historical politics and relationships thousands of years old. Important concepts are derived from the practice between Greek city-states and the Roman law concept of ius gentium (which regulated contacts between Roman citizens and non-Roman people). These principles were not universal however. In East Asia, political theory was based not on the equality of states, but rather the cosmological supremacy of the Emperor of China.
Views: 5 wikipedia tts
This lecture introduces Jean d'Aspremont's new book entitled 'International Law as a Belief System' (Cambridge University Press, 2017). The book makes the claim that international law bears the attributes of a belief system, for the fundamental doctrines (e.g. sources, responsibility, statehood, personality, interpretation jus cogens, etc) around which international legal discourses are articulated invent their origin and dictate their own functioning. According to this expository framework, fundamental doctrines’ invention of their origin and regulation of their functioning are made possible by their representation as rules derived from some key international instruments (e.g. the Statute of the International Court of Justice, the Montevideo Convention on Rights and Duties of States, the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, and the Articles on State Responsibility, the Reparations Advisory Opinion of the International Court of Justice, etc), thereby allowing the formation and the functioning of fundamental doctrines to be explained by fundamental doctrines themselves.
Views: 867 Jean d'Aspremont
BOOK REVIEW CULTURAL HERITAGE LAW Edited by James A R Nafziger ISBN: 978 0 85793 745 2 www.e-elgar.com CONCERNED ABOUT CULTURAL HERITAGE? HERE'S A COLLECTION OF LEADING ARTICLES ON CULTURAL HERITAGE LAW An appreciation by Phillip Taylor MBE and Elizabeth Taylor of Richmond Green Chambers Cultural heritage is very much at the heart of cultural identity for communities and individuals alike. In view of the depredations of war and the crimes of cultural vandalism and theft committed in fairly recent history -- and likely to be committed in the future unfortunately -- it's heartening to realize that a substantial body of law exists out there as a response internationally to preserve and protect that which constitutes cultural heritage worldwide. Under the able editorship of James Nafziger, an acknowledged expert in international law, this book is a collection of learned articles and essays on a wide range of matters relating to cultural heritage, from claims of ownership to crimes of theft, to mediation in disputes and so forth. Nafziger in his excellent introduction wrestles with the problem of defining cultural heritage, cautioning that it is subject to various interpretations. However he feels that it's fair to say that in the narrower sense as used in this book, 'cultural heritage' is limited to tangible artifacts of cultural significance, including cultural objects, sites, intangible ideas and knowledge related to such objects. All this could include everything from art and architecture, oral history, rituals, religion, folklore and music to digital records and of course, a great deal more. Published recently as part of Edward Elgar's 'International Law' series, the book emerges as quite a find for scholars, students and professionals involved in international law, and obviously, those concerned with cultural heritage. Here conveniently in one handy hardback volume, are 26 articles in all, from such journals as the 'Harvard International Law Journal'... 'The International Journal of Cultural Property'... the 'Stanford Law Review'... and 'Art, Antiquity and Law'. The articles are grouped under such headings as: public international law, intangible heritage, private international law and dispute resolution. To cite just one example, Patty Gerstenblith's article in the Chicago Journal of International Law has a title which says quite a lot about the concerns and objectives inherent in this subject area: 'Controlling the International Market in Antiquities: Reducing the Harm, Preserving the Past.' Interestingly, there is even an article on the property rights of ancient DNA. As Nafzinger concludes, the intent of this edition is to create a 'mosaic' of commentary and insight into the continually expanding framework of international cultural heritage law. Practitioners of international law in general -- as well as cultural heritage law in particular -- will find this book immensely useful. The publication date is 2012.
Views: 133 Phillip Taylor
After the horrors of the first half of the 20th century, the world (through the United Nations) tries to articulate universal human rights. World History on Khan Academy: From prehistory to today, this course covers the human events that have shaped our planet. View more lessons or practice this subject at https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/world-history/euro-hist/human-rights/v/international-human-rights?utm_source=youtube&utm_medium=desc&utm_campaign=worldhistory Khan Academy is a nonprofit organization with the mission of providing a free, world-class education for anyone, anywhere. We offer quizzes, questions, instructional videos, and articles on a range of academic subjects, including math, biology, chemistry, physics, history, economics, finance, grammar, preschool learning, and more. We provide teachers with tools and data so they can help their students develop the skills, habits, and mindsets for success in school and beyond. Khan Academy has been translated into dozens of languages, and 15 million people around the globe learn on Khan Academy every month. As a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization, we would love your help! Donate or volunteer today! Donate here: https://www.khanacademy.org/donate?utm_source=youtube&utm_medium=desc Volunteer here: https://www.khanacademy.org/contribute?utm_source=youtube&utm_medium=desc
Views: 25008 Khan Academy
http://www.alainpellet.eu/Pages/default.aspx http://www.alainpellet.eu/Pages/Enligne.aspx http://www.alainpellet.eu/Pages/Articles.aspx
Views: 1756 Kawabi
Eliav Lieblich - specializes in public international law, particularly the international law on the use of force and international humanitarian law in non-international conflicts, international human rights law and international organizations. Published many articles, this year he published the book "International Law and Civil Wars: Intervention and Consent" (Routledge, 2013). Exterritory Project Symposiums: The symposiums are an ongoing endeavor, we wish to bring together and distribute a wide range of existing research on Extraterritoriality as well encourage the production of new thought. These lectures are always given in open to the public events, taking place in different places in the world, inviting participants from different disciplines to contribute their interpretation to the concept. The final out come of these will be an edited collection of essays on extraterritoriality, exploring its different manifestations, searching for ways in which the notion of extraterritoriality is imagined, articulated, understood, preformed and generated in different discourses and practices while searching for its critical and conceptual potential.
Views: 190 ruti sela
Main articles: Public international law has a special status as law because there is no international police force, and courts (e.g. the International Court of Justice as the primary UN judicial organ) lack the capacity to penalise disobedience. next 5th part
Views: 28 What is law definition
This lecture was hosted by the Murphy Institute's Center for Ethics and Public Affairs at Tulane University on November 15, 2014. Ryan Goodman is the Anne and Joel Ehrenkranz Professor of Law at the New York University School of Law, as well a Professor of Politics and Professor of Sociology at NYU. Prior to joining NYU, Professor Goodman was the inaugural Rita E. Hauser Professor of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law at Harvard Law School. The author of dozens of articles on public international law, international human rights law, and international relations, Professor Goodman has also published six books and edited volumes, including Socializing States: Promoting Human Rights through International Law, with Derek Jinks (Oxford University Press, 2013); International Human Rights, with Philip Alston (Oxford University Press, 2012); and Interrogations, Forced Feedings, and the Role of Health Professionals, with Mindy Jane Roseman (Harvard University Press, 2009). He also is co-editor-in-chief of the national security blog, JustSecurity.org.
Views: 422 The Murphy Institute
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Max_Planck_Institute_for_Comparative_Public_Law_and_International_Law 00:04:06 Directors 00:04:54 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.9060380504681574 Voice name: en-GB-Wavenet-B "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law (Max Planck Institute for International Law, MPIL) is a legal research institute located in Heidelberg, Germany. It is operated by the Max Planck Society. The institute was founded in 1924 and was originally named the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Foreign and International Public Law and located in Berlin. It later relocated to Heidelberg and received its current name in 1949. The institute currently employs 69 scientific staff and is led by two co-directors, Armin von Bogdandy (since 2002) and Anne Peters (since 2013). It is seated at Heidelberg University's New Campus. The institute is one of the most important research institutions in the German-speaking world in the fields of international law, European law, comparative public law, and for the theoretical frameworks of transnational law. It has traditionally performed important advisory functions for parliaments, administrative organs and courts concerned with questions of public international law, comparative public law and European law. In particular, the institute has provided the German Federal Constitutional Court, the German Bundestag and the German Federal Government with information, expert testimony and counsel, representing the Federal Republic of Germany in several high-profile cases.The institute's directors regularly hold the chairs for international law at the University of Heidelberg Law School. Moreover, the institute's directors traditionally have held outstanding positions in national and international courts and bodies: Hermann Mosler, Justice in the European Court of Human Rights (1959–1976); Justice in the International Court of Justice (1976–1985) Rudolf Bernhardt, President of the European Court of Human Rights (Justice 1981-1998, President 1992-1998) Helmut Steinberger, Justice in the German Federal Constitutional Court (1975–1987), Vice President of the OSCE Court of Conciliation and Arbitration (2001–2008) Jochen Frowein, Vice President of the European Commission for Human Rights (1977–1993) Rüdiger Wolfrum, President of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (Justice since 1996, President 2005-2008) Armin von Bogdandy, President of the European Nuclear Energy Tribunal (Justice since 2001, President since 2006) Anne Peters, Member (substitute) of the European Commission for Democracy through Law (Venice Commission) in respect of Germany (since 2011)Former research assistants include Hans-Peter Kaul, sitting vice president of the International Criminal Court, Juliane Kokott, sitting Advocate General of the European Court of Justice, former Justice in the International Court of Justice Carl-August Fleischhauer, and Georg Nolte, present member of the United Nations International Law Commission.With 630.000 volumes, the institute's library contains the largest collection for international law, European law, and public law in Europe. Regular publications by the institute include the "Heidelberg Journal for International Law", the "Max Planck Yearbook of United Nations Law"; the "Journal of the History of International Law"; the "Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law"; and the semi-annual bibliography "Public International Law". Guests are involved in the institute’s programs, especially symposia, lectures and the weekly meetings of the research staff, as well as various staff-led working groups on specific subject areas.
Views: 11 wikipedia tts
Main articles: Public international law can be formed by international organisations, such as the United Nations (which was established after the failure of the League of Nations to prevent World War II), the International Labour Organisation, the World Trade Organisation, or the International Monetary Fund. next 4rd part
Views: 24 What is law definition
Main articles: Public international law The Italian lawyer Sir Alberico Gentili, the Father of international law. International law can refer to three things: public international law, private international law or conflict of laws and the law of supranational organisations. next 2nd part
Views: 73 What is law definition
Main articles: Public international law Public international law concerns relationships between sovereign nations. The sources for public international law development are custom, practice and treaties between sovereign nations, such as the Geneva Conventions. next 3rd part
Views: 28 What is law definition
BOOK REVIEW RESEARCH HANDBOOK ON THE LAW OF TREATIES Edited by Christian J Tams, Antonios Tzanakopoulos, and Andreas Zimmermann with Athene E Richford Edward Elgar Publishing Limited Research Handbooks in International Law ISBN: 978 0 85793 477 2 www.e-elgar.com THE MODERN LAW OF TREATIES: CHANGES AND CHALLENGES An appreciation by Phillip Taylor MBE and Elizabeth Taylor of Richmond Green Chambers For researchers, scholars and international lawyers seeking additional breadth and depth of understanding within this often bewildering and complex subject, this recent title from Edward Elgar Publishing is a real find. The general aim is to present an authoritative explanation of a range of key issues in international treaty law. And authoritative it is. No less than twenty-four international academics and scholars have contributed the more than twenty articles that comprise this volume. Included among them are the three editors. Christopher J. Tams is Professor of Public International Law at the University of Glasgow… Antonio Tzanakopoulos is Associate Professor of Public International Law at Oxford University… and Andreas Zimmerman, from the University of Potsdam, is also Professor of Public International Law. Their introduction establishes with considerable clarity the perspective and intent of the book, namely to subject the realities and challenges of treaties -- in all their bewildering variety -- to rigorous and thoughtful analysis. In more or less elementary terms a treaty is, in most respects, an agreement and ideally a contract, but is it indeed binding? Or should it be binding temporarily, or in perpetuity? Obviously there is no one answer because, also obviously, every treaty is different. The editors remind us of certain fundamentals relating to treaties without which international law and international relations would scarcely exist. We benefit, for example, (in most instances), from boundary treaties, human rights treaties and such matters as passport regulations derived from treaties. Some treaties, say the editors, ‘reflect the international community’s hope for a more just world order; others entrench grave injustices’. It is not too difficult to recall here, the number of treaties throughout history that have been violated or ignored. Yet, as the editors imply, treaties function as the principal instrument for ordering international relations. Apparently around 56,500 treaties have been registered with the United Nations since the end of World War I (who knew?)… and this figure in no way reflects the total! ‘Foundational and ubiquitous’, treaties are, unsurprisingly, in need of a legal framework and therefore merit careful study as a specialist subject. With its original, thought provoking and densely argued commentaries, this book makes an important contribution to the literature of international law and should be of particular interest to academics, researchers and international lawyers, especially those seeking new perspectives on the matter of treaties and EU law. The publication date is cited as at 2014.
Views: 294 Phillip Taylor
To watch the full lecture, please go to http://legal.un.org/avl/faculty/Crawford.html Mr. James Crawford, Professor of International Law, Lauterpacht Research Centre for International Law, University of Cambridge
Views: 1110 UN Audiovisual Library
February 22, 2010 A Starr Forum event & a book talk with Victor Kattan and an introduction by Noam Chomsky Kattan is the author of more than half a dozen scholarly articles on the Arab-Israeli conflict in international law journals. His book "From Coexistence to Conquest: International Law and the Origins of the Arab-Israeli Conflict" was published in June 2009 by Pluto Books. Currently, Kattan is a teaching fellow at the Center for International Studies and Diplomacy at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. Some of his previous posts include: research fellow in public international law at British Institute of International and Comparative Law; director and journalist with the London based media watchdog Arab Media Watch; and UN Development Programme TOKTEN consultant in Occupied Palestinian Territories.
Views: 1813 infiniteinfiniteinfi
Moderator: Anne van Aaken (University of St. Gallen) Speakers: Judge James Crawford (International Court of Justice Lauri Mälksoo (University of Tartu) Catherine Redgwell (University of Oxford)
Views: 815 rgsledu
Renowned international law and human rights academic, Professor Philip Alston, delivers the Human rights day lecture - Unleashing the use of force. Part of the Research School of Asia and the Pacific's 'Distinguished Visitor' program, with the Centre for International Governance and Justice at RegNet. Covert killings by states in the territory of other states have become a regular feature of international relations and there has been little scrutiny of their legality. This lecture will consider the challenges this practice poses for human rights and the rule of law. The norm prohibiting the use of force across borders was one of the most important achievements of the twentieth century. Today, however, the United States and its allies are systematically promoting international legal doctrines that radically expand the circumstances under which such armed attacks can be launched. At the same time, the crucial distinction between the rules applicable to military forces and those governing intelligence operations is deliberately being blurred, almost to the point of extinction. The result is that 'special forces' increasingly carry out killings covertly in the territory of other states, and the stage is being set for a significant expansion of such practices. Despite the destructive consequences of these developments for the norms against the use of force and against extrajudicial killings, many of the 'victim' states are surprisingly passive and other western governments seem largely unconcerned about the implications for the rule of law. There is an urgent need for the international community to call a halt to these developments. Philip Alston's teaching focuses primarily on international law and international human rights law. He co-chairs the NYU Center for Human Rights and Global Justice. Alston received degrees in Law and in Economics in his home country (Australia) and a JSD from Berkeley. During the 1980s he taught at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy and at Harvard Law School. He then became Professor of Law and Foundation Director of the Center for International and Public Law at the Australian National University, a post he held until 1995. From 1996 to 2001 he was Professor of International Law at the European University Institute (EUI) in Florence, Italy, where he was also Head of Department and Co-Director of the Academy of European Law. In the field of international law, Alston was Editor-in-Chief of the European Journal of International Law from 1996 through 2007, and was previously Co-Editor of the Australian Yearbook of International Law. He was a United Nations official, working in Geneva on human rights issues from 1978 to 1984. He has worked as a consultant to the ILO, the UNDP Human Development Report, the Office of the U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights, UNESCO, OECD, UNICEF, and many other inter-governmental and non-governmental organizations. Other posts he has held include Chief-of-Staff to a Cabinet Minister in Australia in the Whitlam Government (1974-75), and Discrimination Commissioner for the Australian Capital Territory for three years.
Views: 7079 ANU TV
Manchester International Law Centre (MILC), Melland Schill Lecture. Sir Michael Wood speaking on 22 November 2017 at The University of Manchester. "The UN International Law Commission: Lessons from the topic Immunity of State Officials."
Views: 111 Manchester International Law Centre
Pauls Raudseps (Weekly ""IR"") talks The Relevance of International Law in Crisis Situations with H.E. Mr. Edgars Rinkevics, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Latvia.
Views: 86 rgsledu
The International & National Security Law Practice Group presented this panel during the Federalist Society's 2012 National Lawyers Convention. --Prof. Kenneth Anderson, American University Washington College of Law --Prof. Rosa Brooks, Georgetown University Law Center --Prof. Julian Ku, Professor of Law and Faculty Director of International Programs, Hofstra University School of Law --Prof. Gregory S. McNeal, Associate Professor of Law, Pepperdine University School of Law --Moderator: Prof. John O. McGinnis, Northwestern University School of Law
Views: 1332 The Federalist Society
Oxford Scholarly Authorities on International Law contains full-text online editions of market-leading reference works and treatises published by Oxford University Press. http://opil.ouplaw.com/home/OSAIL Overseen by Consultant Editor, Bruno Simma, Judge at the Iran-US Claims Tribunal and former Judge at the International Court of Justice, OSAIL brings a major new dimension to Oxford's offerings for scholars and practitioners working in public international law. Key texts include Oppenheim, and the Oxford Commentaries on International Law. Discover more at http://opil.ouplaw.com/home/OSAIL (c) Oxford University Press
Views: 544 Oxford Academic (Oxford University Press)
UNITED NATIONS UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS Simplified Version This simplified version of the 30 Articles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights has been created especially for young people. 1. We Are All Born Free & Equal. We are all born free. We all have our own thoughts and ideas. We should all be treated in the same way. 2. Don't Discriminate. These rights belong to everybody, whatever our differences. 3. The Right to Life. We all have the right to life, and to live in freedom and safety. 4. No Slavery. Nobody has any right to make us a slave. We cannot make anyone our slave. 5. No Torture. Nobody has any right to hurt us or to torture us. 6. You Have Rights No Matter Where You Go. I am a person just like you! 7. We're All Equal Before the Law. The law is the same for everyone. It must treat us all fairly. 8. Your Human Rights Are Protected by Law. We can all ask for the law to help us when we are not treated fairly. 9. No Unfair Detainment. Nobody has the right to put us in prison without good reason and keep us there, or to send us away from our country. 10. The Right to Trial. If we are put on trial this should be in public. The people who try us should not let anyone tell them what to do. 11. We're Always Innocent Till Proven Guilty. Nobody should be blamed for doing something until it is proven. When people say we did a bad thing we have the right to show it is not true. 12. The Right to Privacy. Nobody should try to harm our good name. Nobody has the right to come into our home, open our letters, or bother us or our family without a good reason. 13. Freedom to Move. We all have the right to go where we want in our own country and to travel as we wish. 14. The Right to Seek a Safe Place to Live. If we are frightened of being badly treated in our own country, we all have the right to run away to another country to be safe. 15. Right to a Nationality. We all have the right to belong to a country. 16. Marriage and Family. Every grown-up has the right to marry and have a family if they want to. Men and women have the same rights when they are married, and when they are separated. 17. The Right to Your Own Things. Everyone has the right to own things or share them. Nobody should take our things from us without a good reason. 18. Freedom of Thought. We all have the right to believe in what we want to believe, to have a religion, or to change it if we want. 19. Freedom of Expression. We all have the right to make up our own minds, to think what we like, to say what we think, and to share our ideas with other people. 20. The Right to Public Assembly. We all have the right to meet our friends and to work together in peace to defend our rights. Nobody can make us join a group if we don't want to. 21. The Right to Democracy. We all have the right to take part in the government of our country. Every grown-up should be allowed to choose their own leaders. 22. Social Security. We all have the right to affordable housing, medicine, education, and childcare, enough money to live on and medical help if we are ill or old. 23. Workers' Rights. Every grown-up has the right to do a job, to a fair wage for their work, and to join a trade union. 24. The Right to Play. We all have the right to rest from work and to relax. 25. Food and Shelter for All. We all have the right to a good life. Mothers and children, people who are old, unemployed or disabled, and all people have the right to be cared for. 26. The Right to Education. Education is a right. Primary school should be free. We should learn about the United Nations and how to get on with others. Our parents can choose what we learn. 27. Copyright. Copyright is a special law that protects one's own artistic creations and writings; others cannot make copies without permission. We all have the right to our own way of life and to enjoy the good things that art, science and learning bring. 28. A Fair and Free World. There must be proper order so we can all enjoy rights and freedoms in our own country and all over the world. 29. Responsibility. We have a duty to other people, and we should protect their rights and freedoms. 30. No One Can Take Away Your Human Rights.
Views: 320695 CoursesinIreland
Marc Weller is Professor of International Law and International Constitutional Studies in the University of Cambridge and the Director of the Lauterpacht Centre for International Law. He is the author, editor or co-editor of some 25 books and a large number of academic journal articles and book chapters.
Views: 831 IU Maurer
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_legal_theories 00:00:54 1 Classical approaches to international law 00:01:05 1.1 Natural law 00:01:34 1.2 Eclectic or Grotian approach 00:03:11 1.3 Legal positivism 00:05:30 2 International relations – international law approaches 00:06:08 2.1 Realism 00:08:15 2.2 Liberalism 00:09:59 2.3 Rational choice and game theory 00:11:49 2.4 International legal process 00:14:06 3 Policy oriented perspectives 00:14:16 3.1 New Haven School 00:15:38 3.2 Critical Legal Studies 00:16:47 3.3 Central case approach 00:18:42 3.4 Feminist legal theory 00:19:43 3.5 LGBT legal theory 00:21:37 3.6 International law in Ancient Rome 00:23:03 3.7 Third World 00:24:54 4 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= International legal theory comprises a variety of theoretical and methodological approaches used to explain and analyse the content, formation and effectiveness of public international law and institutions and to suggest improvements. Some approaches center on the question of compliance: why states follow international norms in the absence of a coercive power that ensures compliance. Other approaches focus on the problem of the formation of international rules: why states voluntarily adopt international legal norms, that limit their freedom of action, in the absence of a world legislature. Other perspectives are policy oriented; they elaborate theoretical frameworks and instruments to criticize the existing rules and make suggestions on how to improve them. Some of these approaches are based on domestic legal theory, others are interdisciplinary, while others have been developed expressly to analyse international law.
Views: 1 wikipedia tts
Mr. Sayapin is Assistant Professor of International Law and Criminology at KIMEP University and a former Legal Advisor of International Committee of the Red Cross – ICRC. Mr. Sayapin studied International Criminal Law at Humboldt-Universitat zu Berlin; Democracy, the Rule of Law and Security at University of Birmingham; International Human Rights Law at University of Essex; Public International Law at University of World Economy and Diplomacy. He is the author of many publications on International Law and member of five International law associations. Mr. Sayapin judged Ukrainian National Jessup Rounds in 2017 and organized several Central Asian moot court competitions on international humanitarian law from 2003 till 2011. Jessup Summer School is a 7day intensive course on mastering of mooting and learning international law (launched in 2016 in Kyiv, Ukraine) Mr. Sayapin held a course “Introduction to Public International Law” consisting of the following lectures (all available here): 1.1: International Law: Foundations, 2.1: Sources of International Law, 3.1: The Development of International Law by International Courts, 4.1: State Responsibility, 5.1 Introduction to International Humanitarian Law.
Views: 756 Jessup Ukraine
Date: June 18, 2009 Conference: "Hamas, the Gaza War, and Accountability Under International Law" hosted by the Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs & Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung Speaker: Col. (res.) Daniel Reisner (Former Head of the Int'l Law Dept. of the IDF Military Advocate General's Office) In his presentation, Col. Reisner explains how Israeli military tactics to dealing with terrorism have changed. Specifically, in 2000, Israel, including Israel's lawyers, came to the conclusion that this is no longer a law enforcement issue, that they were no longer required to send their soldiers as policemen to arrest the people firing the machine guns at them. It was decided that they had passed a certain as yet undefined and undesignated threshold and that they were now in the world of armed conflict, that had to abide by the laws of armed conflict. Col. Reisner argues that with this concept of the war against terrorism, there needed to be a change in our perspective and to address the question of what laws now apply. View the full article here: http://jcpa.org/article/international-law-and-military-operations-in-practice-iii/ View the full conference here: http://media-line.co.il/Events/Jcpa/Law-Conference/eng.aspx
Views: 960 TheJerusalemCenter
info: http://www.casc.kz/?page_id=44 web: www.casc.kz facebook: https://www.facebook.com/casc.kz Zhenis Kembayev, "Legal Culture in Kazakhstan: Past and Present" Zhenis Kembayev is a Professor of Law, School of Law, KIMEP University in Almaty, Kazakhstan. His areas of expertise include Public International Law, Law of the European Union, Constitutional Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Theory and History of Law. He was a Fulbright scholar at the Southwestern University School of Law (Los Angeles, USA) in 2003/2004 and an Alexander von Humboldt fellow at the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law (Heidelberg, Germany) in 2007/2008. He is also a recipient of a large number of other Kazakhstani and international scientific awards and scholarships. Professor Kembayev is the author of several books and numerous articles on public international law, international trade law, law of the European Union, history of European integration and constitutional law of Kazakhstan. He advised both governmental and non-governmental agencies on various public law issues and has presented papers at scores of legal conferences and public hearings around the world.
Views: 228 CASC Video
"From Humanitarian Intervention to the Responsibility to Protect" Presented by Professor Anne Orford UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon in 2011 declared that human protection had become the 'defining purpose of the United Nations in the 21st Century'. Professor Anne Orford, holder of the Michael D Kirby Chair of International Law at Melbourne Law School, will explore the implications of the shift from the language of humanitarian intervention to the responsibility to protect. Dr Emily Crawford will provide a commentary.
Views: 1055 International Humanitarian Law MOOC
International Law is how they are assaulting people and selling them into slavery Support the channel, consider watching one 30 second ad and clicking to find out more. follow me on Twitter @engineerwin www.sovereigntyinternational.fyi http://sovereigntyinternational.wordpress.com https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/Administrating-Your-Public-Servants/info https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/administrating-your-public-servants Email - [email protected] For Donations go to: paypal.me/GWinningham follow me on steamit.com @sovereigntyintl and don't forget to vote on the articles and make comments Support the channel, consider watching one 30 second ad and clicking to find out more. Email - [email protected] For information on how you can obtain a copy of all of my youtube videos in *.mp4 format, as well as a DVD with over 50 searcheable law dictionaries, and other books and forms, contact me privately. Common Law your ONLY real Remedy playlist https://goo.gl/0IwzmY Do It Yourself playlist https://goo.gl/iB4VHe The War on Terror is a Fraud playlist https://goo.gl/T4uGIX Peace Officers vs PIGs Playlist https://goo.gl/K94MC3 Bankster Thieves Playlist https://goo.gl/YQ15pi BAR Members and their Satanic Connections https://goo.gl/wGs6LH Do You Know Who You Are playlist https://goo.gl/B4ZMyR Fire and United Nations Judicial Whores Playlist https://goo.gl/eB1sn4 CIA Operated Media https://goo.gl/TbpXM4 Canada Border PIGs https://goo.gl/j6azWp US Border PIGs https://goo.gl/FQYZgy
Views: 925 sovereignliving
what the international law , the resources of Intentional law , what the different between National and international law, how is International law made . for more articles and video in Both languages Arabic and English , please visit Us on the bellow link . thank you [email protected] http://internationallawandglobaleaffairs.weebly.com
What is WAR OF AGGRESSION? What does WAR OF AGGRESSION mean? WAR OF AGGRESSION meaning - WAR OF AGGRESSION definition - WAR OF AGGRESSION explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. A war of aggression, sometimes also war of conquest, is a military conflict waged without the justification of self-defense, usually for territorial gain and subjugation. The phrase is distinctly modern and diametrically opposed to the prior legal international standard of "might makes right", under the medieval and pre-historic beliefs of right of conquest. Since the Korean War of the early 1950s, waging such a war of aggression is a crime under the customary international law. Possibly the first trial for waging aggressive war is that of the Sicilian king Conradin in 1268. Wars without international legality (e.g. not out of self-defense nor sanctioned by the United Nations Security Council) can be considered wars of aggression; however, this alone usually does not constitute the definition of a war of aggression; certain wars may be unlawful but not aggressive (a war to settle a boundary dispute where the initiator has a reasonable claim, and limited aims, is one example). In the judgment of the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg, which followed World War II, "War is essentially an evil thing. Its consequences are not confined to the belligerent states alone, but affect the whole world. To initiate a war of aggression, therefore, is not only an international crime; it is the supreme international crime differing only from other war crimes in that it contains within itself the accumulated evil of the whole." Article 39 of the United Nations Charter provides that the UN Security Council shall determine the existence of any act of aggression and "shall make recommendations, or decide what measures shall be taken in accordance with Articles 41 and 42, to maintain or restore international peace and security". The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court refers to the crime of aggression as one of the “most serious crimes of concern to the international community”, and provides that the crime falls within the jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court (ICC). However, the Rome Statute stipulates that the ICC may not exercise its jurisdiction over the crime of aggression until such time as the states parties agree on a definition of the crime and set out the conditions under which it may be prosecuted. At the Review Conference in June 11, 2010 a total of 111 State Parties to the Court agreed by consensus to adopt a resolution accepting the definition of the crime and the conditions for the exercise of jurisdiction over this crime. The relevant amendments to the Statute, however has not been entered into force yet as of May 14, 2012.
Views: 539 The Audiopedia
On March 2 & 3 ,2012, the Federalist Society for Law and Public Policy at Stanford Law School hosted the 31st Annual National Student Symposium. Eugene Volokh was one of those featured at the Symposium and spoke on Writing Law Review Articles.
Views: 1325 stanfordlawschool